The measles vaccine can be the triple-virus vaccine that protects against 3 diseases caused by the virus: measles, mumps and rubella or the Tetra Viral that also protects against chickenpox. It is part of the basic immunization schedule of the child and is administered as an injection with an attenuated virus against measles.
This vaccine stimulates an individual's immune system by inducing the formation of antibodies against the measles virus and so, if the person is exposed to the virus, they will not be contaminated, being totally protected.
What is it for
The measles vaccine is for everyone as a prevention of the disease and not as a treatment. It also prevents diseases such as mumps and rubella, and in the case of Tetra Viral also protects from chicken pox. Usually the first dose of the vaccine is given at 12 months of age and the second dose between 15 and 24 months of age. However, all adolescents and adults who have not been vaccinated can take 1 dose of this vaccine at any stage of life without the need for reinforcement.
When and how to take it
The measles vaccine is administered as an injection and should be applied to the arm by the doctor or nurse after cleaning the site with alcohol, as follows:
- Children: The first dose should be given at 12 months and the second dose between 15 and 24 months of age. In the case of the tetravalent vaccine, which also protects against chickenpox, a single dose may be taken between 12 months and 5 years of age.
- Adolescents, unvaccinated adults: Take 1 single dose of the vaccine at a private clinic or a health center.
If you follow this vaccination plan, the vaccine has a protective effect that lasts a lifetime.
This vaccine can be taken at the same time as the chickenpox vaccine, but in different arms.
The vaccine is generally well tolerated and the injection region is only sore and red. However, in some cases, after applying the vaccine, symptoms such as irritability, swelling where the injection was inserted, fever, upper respiratory tract infection, swelling of the tongue, swelling of the parotid gland, loss of appetite, crying, nervousness, may also develop insomnia, rhinitis, diarrhea, vomiting, slowness, indisposition and tiredness.
The Measles vaccine is not indicated in people with known systemic hypersensitivity to neomycin or any of the other ingredients of the formula. In addition, the vaccine should not be given to people with weakened immune systems, including patients with primary or secondary Immunodeficiency's, and should be delayed in patients with severe acute febrile illness.
The vaccine should also not be given to pregnant women or women who intend to become pregnant, as it is not advisable to get pregnant within 3 months of receiving the vaccine.