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High Carb Foods

Foods rich in carbohydrates, such as bread, cereals, rice and all kinds of pasta, are an important form of energy for the body. However, when consumed in excess, they increase the amount of body fat because carbohydrates in excess are stored in the body in the form of fat.

Therefore, it is important not to exaggerate with the intake of this type of food. The recommended amount is only 200 to 300 grams of carbohydrates a day, which is easily achieved by eating rice at lunch and dinner, a French bread and biscuits along the day.

Following a low-carb diet is a great way to lose weight and to increase muscle mass. See an example of a menu and how to follow a low carb diet.

High Carb Foods

List of foods rich in carbohydrates

FoodsAmount of carbohydrates in 100 gEnergy in 100 g
Corn flakes81,1 g374 calories
Maize Biscuit72,0 g436 calories

Whole-grain toast

62,6 g364 calories
Water biscuit61,6 g451 calories
French Bread57,3 g289 calories
Rye Bread56,4 g263 calories
Rice28,0 g127 calories
Spaghetti19,9 g101 calories
Boiled Potato18,5 g85 calories
Peas18,1 g63 calories
Chickpeas16,7 g121 calories
Lentils16,7 g108 calories
Beans14,0 g91 calories
Soy Beans7,5 g40 calories

The foods listed in this table are just some of the ones that have higher levels of carbohydrates, but other foods like milk, yogurt, cheese, pumpkin, beetroot, carrot, apple or pear, for example also have carbohydrates but in smaller amounts. Another carb-rich food is cassava flour, widely used to make seasoned cassava flour. 

What are carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are molecules made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, and can also be called carbohydrate, glycide or sugar. Its main function is to provide fast energy because it is easily digested, increasing the disposition soon after consumption, but when this energy is not burnt, it ends up being stored in the body in the form of fat.

All vegetables have carbohydrates and the only animal food that has carbohydrates is honey, its recommended consumption in your total daily diet should not exceed 60%. However, there are different classifications, which is why foods rich in complex carbohydrates are best suited for those who need to lose weight.

Foods rich in simple carbohydrates

Foods rich in simple carbohydrates are considered the sweetest foods, like refined sugar, French bread, honey, fruit jams, watermelon, raisins, cereals, white rice, cooked pasta without sauce, popcorn and sodas.

This type of carbohydrate is digested and absorbed very quickly by the body and so provoke symptoms of hunger more easily. They are considered foods with a high or moderate glycemic index, because their sugar quickly gets into the blood and so should be avoided by diabetics or people trying to lose weight.

Foods rich in complex carbohydrates

Foods rich in complex carbohydrates are less sweet, some examples are, rice and whole-grain pasta, and also whole grain cereal, lentils, chickpeas, carrots, or peanuts. See other examples of foods with a low glycemic index.

Foods with complex carbohydrates have a slower digestion rate and therefore reach the blood more slowly, promoting satiety for a longer period. That is why they are also classified as foods with low or moderate glycemic index.

They are ideal foods for diabetics and also during a weight loss regimen. They are, in general, richer in B vitamins, iron, fiber and minerals.

Foods rich in simple carbohydrates
Foods rich in simple carbohydrates
Foods rich in complex carbohyrates
Foods rich in complex carbohyrates

What are good carbohydrates?

Although all sources of carbohydrates are good, choosing healthy carbohydrates like whole-grain industrialized products as well as fruits and vegetables is a better choice for those who want to lose weight or improve exercise results. So good sources of carbohydrates are:

  • Fruit rich in carbohydrates and fibers: plum, papaya, figs;
  • Whole-grain foods: brown rice, rice with beans, whole-grain pasta, whole-grain bread or bread with seeds;
  • Vegetables: beets, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower;
  • Grains: beans, lentils, chickpeas;
  • Tubers: sweet potatoes with peel, yams.

Foods rich in sugar, and consequently carbohydrates such as cakes, cookies, cereal bars, popcorn, sweets and desserts, in general, should not be consumed by those who want to lose weight or increase muscle mass.

How to use carbohydrates to gain muscle mass

To gain muscle mass it is important to eat complex carbohydrates throughout the day and before exercising because they provide adequate energy for exercise, and up to 1 hour after exercising it is recommended you eat some protein-rich food, such as yogurt, to facilitate muscular hypertrophy.

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