If you have gastritis and ulcer your diet should be based on natural foods, rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grain foods, and poor in industrialized and processed products like sausage, fried foods and soft drinks.
This diet facilitates the digestion process, causing food to pass quickly through the stomach, preventing stomach acid from being released in excess, which causes heartburn, pain and the ulcer can worsen.
The foods allowed in a gastritis diet are those that are easily digested and poor in fat, like:
- Fruits in general, if reflux or pain occurs you should avoid acidic fruits such as lemon, orange and pineapple;
- Vegetables in general, you can use cooked vegetables during pain crisis, because they are more easily digested;
- Lean meats, without fat. You can eat chicken and fish, preferably roasted, grilled or cooked;
- Skimmed milk;
- Natural whole grain yogurt;
- Whole grains, such as brown bread, brown rice and whole grain noodles;
- Teas except green, matte and black tea, or others that have caffeine;
- Decaf coffee;
- White cheeses such as ricotta, fresh mines or light curd;
- Natural spices such as fine herbs, garlic, onion, parsley, coriander and mustard.
Drinking ginger tea also helps digestion, decreases heartburn and nausea. See how to make it here.
There are foods that are more difficult to digest and are highly processed so they should be avoided because they are rich in additives and preservatives that irritate the stomach, such as:
- Processed meats: sausage, bacon, ham, turkey breast, salami and mortadella;
- Cheese: Yellow and processed such as cheddar, catupiry, mines and provolone;
- Already made sauces;
- Seasonings in cubes, meat broths and instant noodles;
- Frozen ready made food and fast food;
- Beverages: soft drinks, ready made juices, coffee, green, matte or black tea;
- Alcoholic beverages;
- Sugar and sweets in general;
- Refined foods and fried foods, such as cakes, white bread, savory biscuits;
- White flour, such as seasoned cassava flour, tapioca and, in some cases, couscous;
- Foods high in fat such as fatty meats, chicken skin, liver and excess fatty fish such as salmon and tuna.
In addition, whole grain milk and acidic fruits such as lemon, orange and pineapple should also be avoided if symptoms of heartburn or stomach pain occur after eating them.
A diet for gastritis, follows the same rules but presents many variations, depending on the tolerance of each patient. So the list above is just a guide. In addition, if gastritis appears mainly in times of stress or tension, it may be a sign of stress induced gastritis. See the symptoms and how to treat this type of disease here.
Diet menu for gastritis and ulcer
The table below is an example of a 3 day diet to treat gastritis and ulcers:
|Meal||Day 1||Day 2||Day 3|
|Breakfast||Watermelon juice + 1 slice of whole grain bread with light curd and an egg||1 Cup of decaffeinated coffee + 2 scrambled eggs with mines cheese + 2 slices of papaya||Strawberry vitamin with skimmed milk + 1 slice of bread with mines cheese|
|Morning snack||1 Apple + 5 chashew nuts||1 Mashed banana with 1 tablespoon of oats||1 glass of green juice|
|Lunch/Dinner||4 Tablespoons of brown rice + braised vegetables + chicken breast with tomato sauce||1 roasted fish fillet with potato, tomato, onion and a dash of olive oil|
Whole grain pasta with tuna and pesto sauce + green salad
|Afternoon snack||Whole grain yogurt + 1 tablespoon of honey + 1 tablespoon of oats||Papaya vitamin with skimmed milk||Decaffeinated coffee + 2 slices whole grain bread with light curd and egg|
Diet recipes against gastritis
1. Cooked fruit
A good option for your morning or afternoon snack is to eat baked or cooked fruit.
How to do it: Place on a baking tray 6 apples or 6 pears arranged side by side and add 3/4 cups of water. Bake in the oven for about 30 minutes or until the fruit is tender. You can add 1 stick of cinnamon in the middle of the apple or the pear to make them more tasty.
2. Natural jelly
Fresh jelly is a good dessert option for the main meals.
How to do it: Add 1 package of unflavored gelatin to 200 ml glass of pure grape juice and bring to the refrigerator for about 2 hours.
3. Fish broth
Fish broth is an excellent choice for a light dinner, and should be consumed not too hot.
- 500 g of fish fillets in cubes (tilapia, pacu, hake, cacao);
- Juice from 1 lemon;
- Salt to taste;
- 1 Medium onion, chopped;
- 3 Cloves of minced garlic;
- 1 Tablespoon of olive oil;
- 1 Chopped tomato;
- 1/2 Chopped pepper;
- 2 Medium potatoes;
- Green smell to taste;
- 1 teaspoon of paprika.
Season the fish with lemon and salt to taste and let it marinate for 15 minutes. In a saucepan add the other ingredients, starting by braising the onion and garlic. Then add the water, potatoes, peppers, tomatoes and bring to a boil. Add to the mixture the fish and leave to cook for a few more minutes. Finally add the chopped green scent, turn off the heat and set aside.