Triglycerides are a type of fat present in the blood and when it is above 150 ml / dL in fasting, increases the risk of heart disease and stroke for example, especially when cholesterol is also high. In addition, increasing triglyceride levels in the blood increases the person's risk of developing atherosclerosis, pancreatitis, hepatic steatosis or suffering from a stroke or cerebral ischemia.
Therefore, to lower triglycerides, it is recommended you do regular physical activity, such as 30 minutes of daily walks, and a follow a healthy diet rich in soluble fibers, that can help to lower the amount of triglycerides in the blood.
On the other hand, when the amount of triglycerides in the blood is below 35 ml / dL, it may indicate hormonal problems, malnutrition, nutrient mal absorption or changes in the thyroid, and in these cases an endocrinologist and a cardiologist should be consulted.
Find out if you are at risk of having a heart attack
If in addition to high triglycerides, you have fat in your belly, see your risk of developing heart disease, diabetes or heart attack using the following calculator:
What to eat if you have high triglycerides
In case of high triglycerides, it is recommended you eat:
- Healthy foods such as salads, vegetables, vegetables, grains, lean meats, white cheese;
- Avoid sugar by replacing it with sweetener whenever possible;
- Swap sweets for fresh fruit.
About 80% of the triglycerides present in the bloodstream come from food, so eating healthy is critical to the success of the treatment.
See some home remedies for high triglycerides.
Symptoms of high triglycerides
The symptoms of high triglycerides are not always present, however, some signs may indicate that triglycerides are high such as accumulation of fat in the belly and other regions of the body and appearance of small, pale-colored bags that form on the skin, eyes, elbows or fingers known as xanthelasma.
Typically, what causes high values are poor diet and sedentary lifestyle, but there are other factors like the intake of medications and genetic diseases. It is also important to remember that high triglycerides cause increased VLDL cholesterol, a type of bad cholesterol that is responsible for increased risk of atherosclerosis.
High triglycerides in pregnancy
Having high triglyceride levels in pregnancy is normal. During this phase triglycerides normally triple, but even so, it is important to practice regular physical activity and decrease the consumption of fats, carbohydrates and sugar.