Vaginitis emerges when the female genital organ is infected by some type of microorganism, and the fungi, such as Candida, are the most frequent, and may also be by bacteria, viruses or amoeba.
Generally, a vaginal infection causes symptoms such as intense itching, redness, whitish discharge and foul smell, for example. Some of the most common infections include:
- Bacterial vaginosis;
- Genital herpes;
These infections are usually transmitted by sexual intercourse. However, candidiasis can occur when there are changes in vaginal pH and bacterial flora, common in women who have there immune system weakened or in situations of great stress.
The vaginal infection has a cure and its treatment must be guided by a gynecologist, as it is necessary to identify which organism is causing the infection and which remedy is most appropriate to eliminate it.
Symptoms vary depending on the agent that causes the infection. Some typical signs and symptoms are:
- Pain or burning sensation when you urinate;
- Pain during intercourse;
- Itching in the intimate region;
- Discharge with or without foul smell;
- Wounds, ulcers or warts in the intimate region
- Redness of the entire affected area;
- Pain in the lower abdomen.
These symptoms may appear isolated or associated, and it is common for the woman to present at least 2 of these symptoms. It is important to remember that other diseases can cause some of the symptoms, such as pain in the belly or during intercourse, for example, and the main way to identify and confirm that it is a genital infection is through consultation with the gynecologist , who can do a thorough evaluation and request tests if necessary.
Other changes such as allergies or hormonal changes can also cause these symptoms. Find out more about these and other possible causes of vaginal inflammation.
How is treatment done
The treatment for genital infection is done with the intention of eliminating the microorganism that caused it:
1. Treatment with remedies
Treatment for vaginal infection is usually done with the use of antifungal agents such as Clotrimazole or Miconazole in the form of ointments or vaginal tablets that should be applied for up to 3 days or in a single application to fight fungus.
However, when the infection is caused by other microorganisms such as bacteria, the doctor may prescribe the use of oral antibiotics or vaginal application such as Clindamycin or Metronidazole, for example, to eliminate bacteria and relieve symptoms. In the case of genital warts caused by HPV, a procedure of cauterization of the lesions is also indicated. It is recommended you always use a condom during intercourse because there is a chance of passing the microorganism to your partner and then become infected again after treatment.
2. Home made options
A great natural option to complement the vaginal infection treatment is with cherry tree tea. You can use it in the form of genital washings or drink as a tea, as it helps to rebalance the vaginal flora and prevent infections such as bacterial vaginosis. It is important to remember that home remedies do not exclude the need to do an medical evaluation and follow the guidelines.
During the treatment of genital infection, it is recommended to drink lots of liquids throughout the day, avoid excessive consumption of alcohol, sugar and fatty foods.
Another important tip that helps strengthen the immune system and prevent vaginal infections is to ingest about 1.5 liters of water a day and give preference to vegetables, fruits and greens.
How to avoid vaginal infections
Some cautions that helps prevent the development of vaginal infections include:
- Wear loose cotton underwear;
- Avoid wearing tight pants;
- Avoid overuse of intimate soaps;
- Always keep the intimate area clean and dry;
It is important to remember that the best way to avoid any vaginal infection is with the use of condoms, both male and female.