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What are the symptoms and causes of anxiety

Anxiety symptoms can manifest on a physical level, such as chest tightness and tremors, or on an emotional level such as the presence of negative thoughts, worry or fear, for example, and usually several symptoms occur at the same time.

These symptoms can occur in both adults and children, but children may have more difficulty explaining what they are feeling.

Online anxiety test

If you think you are anxious, select the symptoms you have felt in the last 2 weeks:

  1. 1. Do you feel nervous, anxious or edgy?
    Yes
    No
  2. 2. Do you find it difficult to stop feeling worried?
    Yes
    No
  3. 3. Are you concerned about several things at once?
    Yes
    No
  4. 4. Are you having trouble relaxing?
    Yes
    No
  5. 5. Do you feel so worried that it is hard to stand still?
    Yes
    No
  6. 6. Do you feel easily irritable or upset?
    Yes
    No
  7. 7. Do you feel afraid as if something very bad is going to happen?
    Yes
    No
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Anxiety can make you unable to perform everyday tasks because you panic and therefore it is important to learn to control and, if possible, treat anxiety, being in some cases necessary to go to a psychiatrist and psychologist.

Physical and psychological symptoms of anxiety

In addition to the psychological symptoms, anxiety can also manifest physically. This table presents a more complete list of the different symptoms that may arise:

Physical symptomsPsychological symptoms
Nausea and vomitingAgitation and rocking the legs and arms back and fourth
Torture and feeling faintNervousness
Shortness of breath or heavy breathingDifficulty in concentrating

Pain or tightness in the chest and heart palpitations

Worry
Stomach pain and even diarrheaConstant fear
Biting your nails, feeling tremors and speaking fastFeeling something bad is going to happen
Muscle tension, causing back painUnable to control your own thoughts
Irritability and difficulty sleepingExaggerated concern about reality

People with anxiety often experience several of these symptoms at the same time, especially at important times of their lives or when it is necessary to expose themselves to others, such as during a work presentation or meetings. In children who experience anxiety, sometimes they only present a symptom and not several like what happens in adults, so you should consult your pediatrician.

Possible causes for anxiety

Anxiety can be triggered for any reason because it depends on the importance that the individual gives to a particular situation and can arise in adults or children.

However, acute anxiety and stress are more common in situations such as first-day job insecurity, marriage, family problems, or financial commitments, for example, and it is important to identify the cause, to be able to treat it, so it does not become chronic anxiety.

In addition, in some situations the excessive use of social networks like Facebook can also be responsible for causing anxiety, sadness and malaise.

What are the symptoms and causes of anxiety

How to control anxiety

To control anxiety, one can take remedies indicated by the doctor that help to reduce some of the symptoms, in addition to using medicinal plants that have a calming effect and, if necessary, follow up with a psychologist.

Natural remedies

Some examples of natural remedies that can be used are:

  • Passion fruit juice, because it has soothing and anxiolytic properties;
  • Chamomile tea due to its soothing action;
  • Lettuce because it helps relax the muscles and nervous system.
  • Take a warm bath to relax the body;
  • Receive a relaxing massage.

In addition, techniques like taking warm baths or receiving body massages can help to relax and relieve tension, aiding in treatment. See other examples in: home remedies for anxiety.

Pharmacy medication

Some of the medicines used to treat anxiety and prescribed by the doctor can be:

DiazepamValiumOxazepamSerax
FlurazepamDalmaneTemazepamRestoril
TriazolamHalcionClonazepamKlonopin
LorazepamAtivanBuspironaBuSpar
AlprazolamXanaxChlordiazepoxideLibrium

It is important to remember that these remedies are classified as anxiolytics and should only be used under medical guidance as they may cause dependence.

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