The main symptoms of diabetes are usually intense thirst, excessive urination and itching in the body, and can manifest at any age. However, type 1 diabetes usually arises during childhood and adolescence, while type 2 diabetes is linked to being overweight and having a poor diet, appearing mainly after the age of 35.
In the presence of these symptoms and especially if there are also cases of diabetes in the family, it is recommended to take the fasting blood glucose test to check the blood sugar levels. If diabetes or pre-diabetes is diagnosed, treatment should be started to control the disease and avoid its complications.
The treatment of diabetes is done under the guidance of an endocrinologist or general practitioner and is usually done with medication that help to lower blood glucose concentration, such as Metformin, for example, and in some cases synthetic insulin must be administered. However, it is important to have a proper diet and to practice periodic physical activities.
Signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes
The signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes are more common in people who are overweight, obese or have a diet rich in sugar and fat.
To find out if you have type 2 diabetes, choose what symptoms you present below:
In the presence of the symptoms mentioned above, you should go to a doctor so you can confirm the diagnosis and initiate the correct treatment, avoiding excess sugar in the bloodstream and severe complications.
Type 2 diabetes is related to insulin resistance. In these cases, the insulin hormone can't put the glucose present in the bloodstream inside the cells of the body. The treatment for this type of diabetes can be done with the use of insulin or oral hypoglycemics, in addition to physical exercises and a balanced diet. See the best fruits for diabetics.
Signs and symptoms of type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is normally diagnosed in childhood, but some people may only be diagnosed in adulthood, because the symptoms don't appear sooner. Although it is very rare for this type of diabetes to be diagnosed in people over the age of 30.
To find out if a child, adolescent or young adult may have type 1 diabetes, choose from the symptoms:
The child or adolescent may also experience dizziness, tremors, cold sweats and apathy when the glucose levels in the bloodstream are very high.
Type 1 diabetes emerges when the pancreas doesn't produce or produces very little insulin, making the body incapable of using the sugar present in the bloodstream. Living with a chronic disease like diabetes that doesn't have a cure isn't easy, because it effects your life negatively. There are some physical and mental attitudes that can help you live better with this disease.
Symptoms of gestational diabetes
The symptoms of gestational diabetes are the same as type 2 diabetes, and include: excessive thirst, dry mouth, and increased urge to urinate. These symptoms can occur at any stage of pregnancy and so your doctor may request a blood glucose test 2 to 3 times during gestation to control your blood sugar.
If not well controlled during pregnancy, diabetes can cause complications such as preterm delivery, preeclampsia and overweight in the baby.