Sores on Penis: Top 7 Causes & How to Heal Them

Updated in July 2023

Sores on the penis can emerge due to health conditions such as herpes, syphilis or even penile cancer. However, they can also occur due to mild situations, like friction, an allergy to clothing fabric or a hygiene product. Some men may also experience additional skin changes, like small lumps resembling genital warts. 

Because there are so many causes for them, penis sores should be assessed by your doctor. Your doctor may inspect and palpate the lesions, review the history of your symptoms, and order testing to rule out infection.

Treatment for penis sores will depend on the underlying cause, and may include healing ointments, antibiotics, antifungals or antivirals. If the sore on the penis is caused by a sexually-transmitted infection, it is important that your sexual partner also seeks treatment.

Imagem ilustrativa número 2

What causes penis sores?

The most common causes of sores on the penis are:

1. Genital herpes

Genital herpes is one of the most common causes of sores on the penis. Is caused by the herpes simplex virus, which can be acquired through contact with a person with active, open sores. Genital herpes is characterized by the appearance of small blisters that cause pain and burning. Check-out the common symptoms of genital herpes

How to heal: Treatment for genital herpes is prescribed by the doctor, who may advise the use of antiviral medication like acyclovir or famcyclovir in pill or cream form. These help to reduce virus replication. Other creams or gels with anesthetic properties, like lidocaine, may help to relieve uncomfortable symptoms like pain and burning. 

Learn more about other causes of lumps or bumps on the penis

2. Friction on the glans

Sores on the glans, also known as the head of the penis, can occur due to friction from vaginal, anal or oral sex, or from clothing, It can cause local redness, pain and bleeding, with some cases needing immediate treatment. 

How to heal: If you notice sores on the penis and believe they are related to friction in the area, you should see a doctor for assessment and treatment targeted at healing the sores and preventing worsening. Use lose underwear and clothing made with breathable fabrics in the meantime and ensure you full dry your genital area after bathing. You can use lubricant if you experience discomfort and friction during vaginal or anal sex. 

3. Skin irritation

Some people may experience skin sensitivity to clothing fabric or hygiene products, which can trigger redness, skin peeling, open sores, itching and burning. 

Skin irritation can also occur due to friction from clothing or sex. Poor hygiene may also lead to irritation, as accumulated sweat, oil and microorganisms can cause a penile inflammation called balanitis

How to heal: If irritation is allergy-related, you should avoid contact with the triggering allergen. You can take antihistamine pills or creams to relieve symptoms. Moisturizing creams may also help to heal affected skin. Balanitis is treated with corticosteroid creams, antifungals or antibiotics. When treated correctly, the lesions may take about 1 week to heal.

4. Syphilis

Syphilis is an infection caused by Treponema pallidum bacteria. It causes a painless ulcer that appears about 3 weeks after initial exposure. This infection is often transmitted through unprotected sex from an infected partner. If left untreated, syphilis can lead to more advanced stages of infection, like secondary or tertiary syphilis. Read more about how to recognize symptoms of syphilis

How to heal: You should see your doctor if you suspect you have symptoms of syphilis so that appropriate treatment can be initiated promptly.

5. Other STIs

Other sexually-transmitted diseased, or STIs, can cause open sores, like lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV), donovanosis or HPV. Perianal lesions that occur internally, like urethritis, can cause pain, yellow or lighter discharge. These sores can occur due to bacteria like Neisseria gonorrhoeae, which causes gonnorhea. 

How to heal: Once an STI is diagnosed, you should proceed with treatment as prescribed by your doctor. Many times it consists of a course of antibiotics, while HPV treatment involves cauterization of the lesions. Learn more about the treatment of HPV. 

6. Autoimmune disease

Some autoimmune disease can also trigger the appearance of penile and genital sores, which is the case with Behcet's disease, pemphigus, lichens planus, Crohn's disease, Reiter's disease, erythema multiforme and dermatitis herpetiformis. With these illnesses, lesions will often appear in other areas of the body as well. It is also common to experience systemic symptoms, like fever, fatigue or weight loss.

How to heal: Diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune diseases are often done under the supervision of a rheumatologist or dermatologist. Treatment consists of medications, like immunosuppressants or corticosteroids, that regulate immunity and improve symptoms.

7. Cancer

Penile cancer is very rare and characterized by the growth of a tumor that can occur on the shaft or scrotal skin. It can lead to the appearance of sores, nodules, or changes to skin color or texture. This type of cancer is more commonly seen in men over the age of 60, but it can also occur in younger men who are smokers or do not practice appropriate hygiene. Ensure you are familiar with the most common signs and symptoms of cancer

How to heal: The treatment for cancer is directed by an oncologist and urologist, and may involve the use of medications, surgery to remove affected tissue and/or chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Treatment modalities will vary depending on the cancer stage and lesion severity. Learn more about how penile cancer is diagnosed and treated.