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How to identify the symptoms genital herpes

Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease, which is caught by intimate contact. When it comes in direct contact with blisters or ulcers with fluid in the genitals, thighs or anus and causes symptoms such as burning, itching, pain and discomfort.

However, before the blisters appear in some cases it is possible to identify if you are going to have an episode of herpes, because often there appears warning symptoms such as urinary infection with discomfort, burning or pain when urinating or mild itching and tenderness in some places of the genital region. These warning symptoms do not always happen, but there may be hours or even days before the blisters appear.

Photos of genital herpes

Herpes genital no homem
Herpes genital no homem

Main symptoms of genital herpes

The main symptoms of genital herpes that usually arise are:

  • Small groupings of blisters and wounds;
  • Itching and discomfort;
  • Burning when urinating if the blisters are near the urethra;
  • Pain;
  • Burning and pain when you defecate, if the blisters are near the anus;
  • Lumps in the groin;

In addition to these symptoms, other, more general, flu-like symptoms such as low fever, chills, headache, general malaise, loss of appetite, muscle pain and tiredness may be more common in the first episode of genital herpes or in those severe where the blisters appear in great quantity, affecting the region of the genitals greatly.

Genital herpes sores can also arise in the penis and vulva, and  in the vagina, peri anal region or anus, urethra or even in the cervix.

Genital herpes treatment

The treatment of genital herpes should be done under the guidance of your gynecologist, urologist or general practitioner, and it is recommended you use antiviral drugs such as Acyclovir or Valaciclovir pills or ointments to relieve symptoms, prevent complications, decrease the rate of replication of the virus in the body and, consequently, reduce the risk of transmission to other people.

Since herpes blisters in the genital area can be quite painful, to help get through the episode the doctor may also recommend using local anesthetic ointments or gels, such as Lidocaine or Xylocaine, which can help to moisturize your skin and anesthetize the affected area, therefore relieving pain and discomfort. 

The virus can not be completely eliminated from your body, it is important for you to wash your hands thoroughly, do not puncture the blisters and use condoms in all sexual relationships, as this can prevent contamination of other people.

Bibliography >

  • SOCIEDADE BRASILEIRA DE INFECTOLOGIA. Herpes Simples. Available on: <https://www.infectologia.org.br/pg/985/herpes-simples>. Access in 28 Jun 2019
  • DIVE - DIRETORIA DE VIGILÂNCIA EPIDEMIOLÓGICA. Herpes Genital. Available on: <http://www.dive.sc.gov.br/index.php/d-a/item/herpes-genital>. Access in 28 Jun 2019
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