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HPV: Symptoms, transmission, cure and treatment

HPV is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the Human Papillomavirus that results in the onset of warts in the genital region after intimate contact with an infected person. This disease has a chronic evolution and the cure is difficult to achieve, so it is important that the diagnosis be made soon, especially when the initial symptoms appear and the treatment should always be done under medical guidance.

Due to the appearance of genital warts, HPV can also be known condylomata acuminata, ridge crest, fig tree and horse ridge, for example. The treatment can be done with the use of ointments or solutions that must be applied at the site of the warts in order to eliminate the lesions caused by the virus and strengthen the immune system.

 HPV: Symptoms, transmission, cure and treatment

HPV has a cure

In some people HPV cures itself due to spontaneous remission. This type of remission can happen between 4 weeks and 2 years after virus contamination in people who have a good immune system and who rarely get sick. The problem is that these people may never have any HPV-related symptoms, but can contaminate others as long as they do not heal properly.

If you find out that you are contaminated by HPV but do not have any symptoms, the doctor can assess whether treatment should be done, but it may be useful to invest in home treatments, strengthening the immune system by consuming foods rich in vitamin C, such as pineapple, acerola and strawberry, for example.

On the other hand, people with HPV symptoms do not get cured without treatment, so treatment is always necessary. It is common to have relapses, however when the treatment is performed correctly you can get completely cured. When the symptoms disappear at the end of treatment, the doctor through testing will confirm that you are cured from HPV and this can be done through tests.

Although treatment is not always enough to cure HPV definitively, treatment is important because HPV infection increases the risk of cancer. To achieve this 'cure' for HPV, it is recommended you use medication recommended by your doctor and to use condoms in all intimate contact.

HPV at the top of the mouth
HPV at the top of the mouth
HPV in the throat
HPV in the throat

HPV symptoms

HPV symptoms can take between months and years to manifest themselves, being influenced by the your immune system and viral load, that is, the amount of virus circulating in the body. The most characteristic symptom of HPV is the appearance of several small warts in the male or female intimate region.

In women, warts may also be present in the cervix, which are not easily visible, and not present in the female outer region. Therefore, the diagnosis of HPV should be done by clinical-visual examination and confirmed by pap smear or biopsy of the warts. 

HPV in men

HPV in men is similar to HPV in women, but it is very common for men to have no symptoms, although the virus is present in the skin of the genital organ and can be passed on to others through intercourse. See how to identify HPV in men.

Sometimes the virus is naturally eliminated by the body and men can contaminate their partner and they develop symptoms but when he is tested he discovers that he no longer has the virus. So it is may not always be possible to know who passed the virus on to who.

The test for identifying HPV in humans is colposcopy and treatment can be done with cryotherapy, laser, solutions and ointments, as well as remedies to strengthen the immune system. The treatment does not interfere with erection and male fertility.

How to treat HPV

The treatment for HPV lasts on average 2 years and it is important that it be done according to the doctor's guidance even if there are no symptoms, so it is possible to achieve healing more easily. The medication indicated by your doctor aims to strengthen your immune system and eliminate the lesions formed by HPV, which may be the:

Use of ointments and solutions applied by the doctor in his office;
Cauterization (laser) surgeries performed from time to time by a physician.
70% and 90% trichloroacetic acid (ATA) and 15% Podofilox (Condylox) in alcoholic solution should be applied by the physician once a week and ointment, such as 0.15% Podophylotoxin, should be applied by you 2 times a day. Treatment for HPV is time consuming and can be expensive, but it is the only way to beat the disease and decrease the risk of cancer in men and women. 

HPV transmission

The HPV virus is highly contagious and its transmission occurs through intercourse without the use of a condom with an individual infected by the virus. It only takes 1 contact to become contaminated.

The incubation time of the virus varies from 1 month to 2 years and during this period although there are no symptoms, you can  contaminate others because you may have warts invisible to the naked eye. Women can also transmit HPV to the baby during normal delivery.

HPV vaccine

The HPV vaccine is indicated for women and men between 9 and 26 years of age and its goal is to lower the risk of cervical, penile and anal cancer. The vaccine is free for all girls between 9 and 13 years of age because it has a 100% efficacy when administered before the first intimate contact. From the age of 14, anyone who wants to take the HPV vaccine should buy it at a pharmacy.

Those who have had intercourse or already have HPV can also take the vaccine because it protects them against other types of HPV strains. After the vaccine is taken, it is still necessary to use condoms in all sexual contact to avoid contamination with other HPV viruses.

Although very effective this vaccine can have side effects. See what they are: HPV vaccine.

Types of HPV virus

There are more than 100 types of HPV virus, with only 4 of them being cancer-related. Types 16 and 18 cause about 70% of cases of cervical cancer, while types 6 and 11 cause about 90% of genital warts.

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