Hypopressive fitness, also known as hypopressive exercises, are great for toning the abdominal muscles, and is especially suitable for people who suffer from back pain and women in the postpartum phase that can not do the traditional abs exercises.
In addition to strengthening the abdomen, the hypopressive method also fights urinary and fecal incontinence, improves body posture, cures genital prolapse, and improves bowel function.
Hypopressive exercises, have many advantages, specially because of the difference in pressure that exists in the abdomen during the exercise and also the absence of movements with the spine. As these exercises spear the spine, they can be performed even in cases of herniated discs, contributing to there treatment.
When will I see results
These exercises can be performed for 20 minutes to 1 hour, 3 to 5 times a week so your results can be observed. When doing these exercises for about 20 minutes a week you should verify waist reduction and a decrease urinary incontinence symptoms. In 6 to 8 weeks it should be possible to see a reduction of 2 to 10 cm of the waist, which makes doing the exercises easier.
After 12 weeks you should go into the maintenance phase, doing 20 minutes a week before the usual workout but for better results it is advised to do 20 minutes to 1 hour 2 times a week in the first month and 3 to 4 times a week after the 2nd month.
How to do hypopressive fitness at home
To do hypopressive fitness at home one should start slowly, paying close attention to how each exercise should be performed. Ideally you should start the series lying down and then progress to sitting and then leaning forward.
Hypopressive exercises consists of:
- Breathe in normally and release the air completely, until the abdomen begins to contract on its own and then cause it to 'shrink', sucking the abdominal muscles inwards, as if the navel was touching the back.
- Keep this contraction for 10 to 20 seconds initially and over time, gradually increase the contraction time, remaining as long as possible without breathing.
- After pausing, fill your lungs with air and relax again completely, returning to your normal breathing.
Now that you know how to perform the diaphragmatic contraction, do the following exercises:
Exercise 1: Lying Down
Lying down on your belly, with your legs bent and your arms along your body, follow the instructions above. To begin, do 3 repetitions of this exercise.
Exercise 2: Sitting
In this exercise you should sit in a chair with your feet flat on the floor or you can sit on the floor with your legs bent in the case of beginners and with your legs straight for the more experienced. Release the air completely and then 'suck' your belly in completely, breathing out for as long as you can.
Exercise 3: Leaning Forward
In the upright position, tilt your body forward, slightly bending your knees. Take a deep breath and as you let the air out, 'pull' the abdomen in, as well as the pelvic muscles, holding your breath for as long as you can.
Exercise 4: Kneeling on the floor
In the 4-position, release all the air from the lungs and suck the belly in as much as you can and hold your breath for as long as you can.
There are other postures that can be adopted while doing this exercise such as in the standing position and on your hands and knees. Whenever you do a series of hypopressives you should vary the positions because it is normal for a person to be able to maintain the contraction for longer in one position than in another. And the best way to know in which position you hold the contraction most effectively is to test each of them.
Cautions while doing hypopressive exercises
The most important precautions to take when performing hypopressive exercises are:
- Do not do these exercises after eating;
- Always contract the pelvic muscles when shrinking the belly to it's maximum point;
- Do these exercises 3 to 5 times a week;
- Start the exercise program lightly, with few contractions and increase the number of contractions gradually, respecting the limits of your body.
Those who practice these exercises regularly can observe their benefits in 4 weeks.
Hypopressive abs help lose weight?
To lose weight with this exercise you need to adjust your diet by reducing the consumption of foods rich in fat, sugar and calories and spend more energy doing other exercises that burn fat like walking, running, cycling or rollerblading, for example.
This is because hypopressive exercises do not burn a lot of calories and therefore is not effective in burning fat and so you only lose weight when these other strategies are adopted. However, this type of abs are excellent for defining and toning the abdomen, leaving the belly toned.