A back workout is divided into the muscle groups you wish to train. It should be monitored by a personal trainer and can vary depending on each person’s health goals. Back workouts can be split it into upper back, middle back or lower back, and exercises can be done in 3 sets of 10 to 12 repetitions, depending on your instructor’s plan.
For results to be noted, you should ensure you are exercising to failure and following your plan closely with respect to sets and rest time. You should also ensure you are well hydrated and eating a healthy, balanced diet, which can be monitored by a registered dietitian.
1. Lat pulldown machine
The lat pull down machine is performed in a seating position, with your chest facing the machine. Place your hands on the bar above your head and bring the bar down, toward your chest, then slowly allow it to raise. To ensure this exercise is done correctly, you torso should not rock back and forth when pulling the bar down and raising it up. Only your arms should be working. Keep your abdomen contracted to stabilize your torso.
This exercise mainly works the muscle in the middle back, also known as the latissimus dorsi muscle.
2. High row machine
The high row machine is used by facing forward, with your chest facing the machine, while keeping your back straight. Place your hands on the handles and pull them down, noting that your arms will open wider on the way down, and become narrower on the way up.
This exercise works all your back muscles, but it will particularly train your latissimus dorsi and lower back.
3. Bentover rows with barbell
With your feet shoulder distance apart, hinge forward at the hips. Grip a barbell in front of you, keeping your hands shoulder distance apart. Flex your elbows and bring the barbell toward your abdomen. Then lower it to the initial position in a controleld movement.
This exercise is indicated to work your middle back and side muscles, also referred to as the mid trapezius, infraspinatus and latissimus dorsi muscles.
4. Landmine row
To perform a landmine row, be sure to secure the bar to the landmine support. If the bar does not have a T shape, you can use a double-D handle to grip the bar and ensure better stability.
Once the bar is set up, stand in front of the bar facing it and bend your knees. Keep your abdomen contracted the entire time. Then bring the bar toward your chest and feel your scapula close. Return to the initial position. To make this exercise harder and to work more muscles, you can add weight to this bar.
5. Upright barbell row
An upright bar bell row is performed using a barbell with a narrow or wide grip, depending on your personal trainer’s plan and the muscles you wish to work.
Grip the bar, stand up straight and and bring it up toward your chin. Then return to the initial position and repeat. You can also perform this exercise on a cable machine using a straight bar.
6. One arm dumbbell row
A one arm dumbbell row is a great exercise for strengthening the latissimus dorsi, trapezius and deltoid muscle in the shoulder.
To perform this exercise, support one knee and one hand (from the same side of the body) on a bench. Hold a dumbbell using your other hand. Stabilize your torso by activating your core, and bring your dumbbell up by flexing your elbow. Complete all reps on one side, before swapping to the other side.
As an alternative, you can lean on a high surface and place one leg in front of the other to perform this exercise.
7. Cable pullover
A cable pullover is a great exercise for a back workout. It works the latissimus dorsi muscle. Place a straigth bar on a cable machine and take a few small steps back. Lean forward, grip the bar above your head, and bring the bar down in front of you, making sure to feel your scapulae close.
8. Lever seated reverse fly
This exercise is performed while sitting facing the machine, with your chest resting on the bench. Hold the grips in front of you, then open your arms to the side until your feel your back muscles contract. Then return to the starting position.
The reverse fly works the muscles in the neck all the way to the mid back, which are known as the rhomboid, posterior deltoid and inferior trapezius muscles.
9. Pull ups
A pull up bar is a great exercise for both back and biceps. It can be down with a narrow or wide grip bar. Using an underhand grip, hold onto the bar and contract your abdomen, then contract your back muscles to bring yourself up. You may need assistance to perform more repetitions.
10. Assisted pull ups
Similar to the above exercise, an assisted pull-up consists of the same movement, although you are kneeling on a pad which allows for better support. Using an open or closed grip, bring yourself toward the top of the bar, and slowly lower yourself down to the starting position.
11. Deadlifts with barbell
Deadlifts works the muscles around the spine, one the side of the back and the lower back, as well as the hamstrings. It is a great "complete" exercise used by many body builders.
To perform a deadlift, position your feet shoulder width apart. Grip the barbell with your hands shoulder width apart. Hinging forward at the hips, lift the dumbbell until you are completely standing, with the bar by your abdomen, then lower the bar again. Be sure to keep your back straight and stabilized throughout this movement.
There are many ways to perform a plank. The most common way is to lay on the ground, belly down. Support your body on your elbows and feet and hold. This exercise works the trapezius muscles, which start at the neck and go down to the mid back.