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Warts: What are they, Types and How to Remove Them

Warts are benign and usually harmless, small growths of the skin caused by the HPV virus can occur in people of any age and anywhere on the body, such as the face, foot, groin, genital region, or hands.

Warts can appear in groups or on their own and can easily spread from one area of the body to another. Normally, warts disappear without specific treatment, but the use of wart remedies can be helpful in speeding up this process.

Warts: What are they, Types and How to Remove Them

Types of warts

The 5 types of existing warts, classified according to their location and morphology, are:

1. Plantar wart: These are warts that affect the feet and are popularly known as "fisheye". They are similar to a callus, since they are usually yellowish and have black dots inside;

2. Filiform wart: These are thin, elongated warts that appear mainly on the face or neck of elderly individuals;

3. Common wart: Warts that are usually less than 1 cm in diameter, are firm and usually have a rough, rounded or irregular surface. Their coloring may be skin color, gray, yellowish, brown or black;

4. Flat wart: These are small flat-looking warts that appear in groups. They are soft and more frequent on the face;

5. Genital wart: Warts that appear in the female or male intimate region and may increase the risk of developing cancer. They are usually soft and pink in color.

How to remove warts

There are different types of treatment available for wart removal which include cryotherapy, cutting or burning wart removal, the use of laser surgery or the use of salicylic acid and / or lactic acid remedies.

Cryotherapy is the most effective method for wart removal as it allows freezing of the wart and the virus using liquid nitrogen, which causes it to fall within 1 week.

Some of these treatments should be performed in the office by a dermatologist and those that are applied at home should only be used after evaluation by your doctor, as this may not be a wart but another, more serious skin problem and the treatment by aggravate the condition more.

How does the transmission of warts occur

Warts are transmitted by direct contact with other warts. Generally, children are the most affected, as they tend to fiddle with the warts.

However, it is important to clarify that the viruses present in warts only passes to other individuals if they find a spot on the skin to penetrate, such as an ingrown toenail scratch or a wound, for example.

Bibliography >

  • NASCIMENTO, Karla Tamyres Santos et. al.. Verrugas Cutâneas: Artigo de Revisão. Revista Brasileira de Ciências da Saúde. 15. 2; 245-248, 2011
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