Bruises occur due to an accumulation of blood under your skin and they can be due to traumas such as a fall, banging into furniture or even after a kiss. These marks are purple at first, becoming yellower or greenish, or brown in the case of nails, as they heal.
Usually bruises disappear gradually without the need for treatment but can be painful and ugly, so massaging the region gently with an anti-inflammatory ointment, such as arnica, is a good option to help eliminate the bruising more quickly.
However, there are other simple ways to eliminate bruises:
1. Apply ice on the bruise
This is a very simple and quick way to get rid of bruises and consists of passing an ice cube over the bruise as soon as it appears. The ice will help to decrease the blood supply to the region, thus reducing the bruise.
You should apply the ice cube in circular movements. If the cold causes you pain, you should wrap the ice in a fine, clean cloth such as a cloth nappy or dish cloth. You should apply the ice over the region for 3 to 5 minutes and then wait one hour before repeating the procedure.
2. Use a warm compress
To remove bruises that appeared more than 24 hours ago, place a warm water compress on the area so that you can increase local blood circulation and help remove the clots that formed. To do this, you should soak a cloth in warm water and then apply it onto the region, letting it act for approximately 20 minutes. After one hour, the procedure can be repeated.
There are packs and compresses that can be placed in the microwave for between 1 and 2 minutes, which can be placed directly on the skin, and which can easily be found in pharmacies and supermarkets.
3. Apply an ointments for bruises
In addition to arnica ointment, sodium heparin-based ointments such as Thrombophob or Traumeel are great options for removing blood from under your skin, either from the arms, legs or other parts of the body, by fighting symptoms quickly. Another often-used ointment to remove purple marks from the skin is Hirudoid, easily found in pharmacies.
Homemade ointments can also be used such as natural aloe vera and arnica gel, which have anti-inflammatory properties and facilitate healing, thereby eliminating the purple bruising.
When to go to the doctor
It is recommended you seek medical help when you present any of the following:
- Bruises appear easily on your skin, by hitting a sofa, or on the corner of a table, for example;
- Several bruises appear on your body that do not hurt;
- When the bruises can be seen but you do not remember how they appeared;
- In cases where the bruises appear and disappear from one day to the next.
If the bruise causes severe pain or if there is another sign that blood circulation has changed in the region, such as swelling of the affected limb or severe redness, you should also go to the hospital to rule out other more serious problems such as thrombosis.
Main causes of bruising
The main causes of bruising are traumas to the affected area, which can occur while practicing sport, due to falling, accidents involving heavy objects or car accidents, for example.
However, a bruise may arise due to any number of reasons, such as an injection, when blood is drawn for testing, after the use of suction cups when you use alternative therapies, being very common after aesthetic procedures such as liposuction and cryolipolysis.
Usually these bruises are not severe and disappear on their own, but the use of ice and warm compresses can help eliminate them more quickly.
In addition, bruising may also occur as a result of a coagulation disorder, so depending on its extent and severity you should seek medical help because it may indicate severe bleeding.