Bruises, popularly known as purple spots. Are a accumulation of blood on the skin that may be purple, yellow or brown in color, more frequent on the skin and nails, due to trauma that leads to the leakage of a small amount of blood into the skin.
Usually bruises disappear gradually but can be painful and ugly, so massaging the region gently with an anti-inflammatory ointment, such as Arnica, is a good option to help eliminate the bruising more quickly.
However, other simple ways to eliminate this type of purple spot include:
1. Put ice
This is a very simple and quick way to get rid of bruises from the skin and consists of passing an ice cube on the bruise as soon as it appears. The ice will decrease the blood supply to the region, reducing the bruise.
The ice cube should be applied by making circular movements. If cold causes pain, it is best to wrap it in a clean, thin cloth such as a diaper or dish towel, for example. Ice should be passed over the region for 3 to 5 minutes and then wait 1 hour before repeating the procedure.
2. Use a warm patch
To remove bruises that are older than 24 hours, warm water patches may be applied as they increase local blood circulation and help remove formed clots. To do this, you should soak a cloth in warm water and then apply on the region, letting it act for approximately 20 minutes. After 1 hour, the procedure can be repeated.
3. Bruise ointments
In addition to arnica ointment, Sodium Heparin-based ointments such as Thrombophob or Traumeel gel are great options to remove blood from the skin, either from the arms, legs or other parts of the body, by fighting symptoms quickly.
Bepanthol or a natural aloe vera gel can help moisturize the skin and facilitate healing if there are wounds or scars.
When to go to the doctor
It is recommended you seek medical help when you present:
- Purple marks on the skin with ease, by hitting a sofa, for example;
- Several purple spots on the body that do not hurt;
- When the purple bruises can be observed but the person does not even remember how they appeared;
- In cases where the bruises appear and disappear from one day to the next.
If the bruise causes severe pain or if there is another sign of change in the circulation in the region, such as swelling of the limb or severe redness, you should also go to the hospital to look for other more serious problems such as thrombosis.
Main causes for bruising
The main causes of skin bruising are related to injuries such as blows directly on the affected area, as can happen in sports, due to a fall or accidents involving heavy objects or automobile, for example.
However, a bruise may also arise after any reason that causes blood leakage, such as an injection, when you withdraw blood for examination, after the use of suction cups when you use alternative therapies, being very common after aesthetic procedures such as liposuction and cryolipolysis .
Usually these bruises are not severe and disappear on their own, but the use of ice and warm patches can help eliminate them more quickly.
In addition, bruising may also occur as a result of a coagulation disorder, so depending on its extent and severity you should seek medical help because it may indicate severe bleeding.