The symptoms of high cholesterol, in general, do not exist, only being possible to identify the problem through a blood test. However, excess cholesterol can lead to a deposit of fat in the liver, which can generate some signs such as:
- Fat balls on the skin, known as xanthelasma;
- Swelling of the abdomen for no apparent reason;
- Increased sensitivity in the stomach region.
The xanthelasma forms in the tendons and the skin and they are lumps of diverse sizes, generally pink with well defined borders. They appear in groups, in a certain region, as in the forearm, in the hands or around the eyes, as the images show:
Abdominal swelling and tenderness in this region are usually caused by an enlarged liver and spleen that occurs when blood triglyceride concentrations reach values close to or greater than 800 mg / dl of blood and may produce other symptoms such as severe abdominal pain and frequent nausea.
As cholesterol levels have to be very high for the onset of these symptoms, most often the person does not even know that they have high cholesterol, which facilitates their progression.
How to confirm if it is high cholesterol
The only reliable way to confirm whether or not cholesterol is high is by doing a blood test to assess the amounts of total, bad, good, and triglyceride cholesterol.
This test is relatively simple, but should be done with a 12-hour fasting to ensure the results are correct. See what are the reference levels that may indicate you have high cholesterol.
What causes high cholesterol
The main cause of high cholesterol is an unhealthy diet, which is high in fatty foods such as yellow cheese, sausage, fried foods or industrialized products, which causes blood cholesterol to rise too fast, not allowing the body to properly eliminate it .
However, lack of exercise or unhealthy lifestyle habits like smoking or alcohol consumption also increase the risk of having bad cholesterol.
There are people who suffer from high hereditary cholesterol that happens even when they are careful about what they eat and exercise, being related to a genetic tendency to develop the disease and that usually affects other members of the family as well.
How to treat high cholesterol
The best way to reduce high cholesterol and avoid using medication is to do regular physical activity and follow a healthy diet, low in fat and with plenty of fruits and vegetables. In addition, there are also some home remedies that can help detoxify the body and liver by eliminating excess cholesterol, such as mate tea or artichoke, for example.
However, there are cases where it is very difficult to lower cholesterol and so your doctor may prescribe the use of some cholesterol remedies, such as Simvastatin or Atorvastatin, which help the body to eliminate cholesterol, especially in cases of high cholesterol hereditary.
It is important to lower high cholesterol because it can have serious health consequences that include atherosclerosis, high blood pressure, heart failure and stroke.
A good hint for lowering cholesterol is carrot juice that aids in the purifying process of the blood, acting directly on the liver, thus lowering cholesterol levels