Vaginal yeast infection can also be called vulvovaginal candidiasis or vaginal thrush and is a very common in women due to the fact that the fungus Candida albicans, which is normally present in the flora of the woman's intimate region, develops rapidly causing the infection.
Vaginal candidiasis is more common in pregnant women and women with weakened immune systems, and some of the major causes include excessive use of antibiotics or steroids, diabetes or poor hygiene habits, because they facilitate the growth of the fungus.
However, vaginal yeast infection is curable and its treatment should be done with pills that can be taken orally, put into the vagina or even with antifungal ointments prescribed by a gynecologist.
In addition, vaginal yeast infection is not a sexually transmitted disease, but during treatment the couple should use a condom to avoid transmitting the fungus from one person to another, and in many cases treatment should also be done by the man, even if he does not present symptoms, to avoid recurrence of the infection.
How to treat vaginal yeast infection
The treatment of vaginal thrush can last up to 15 days and is a treatment that does not hurt, being in most cases done with the use of antifungal ointments applied directly to the vagina, such as nystatin, Gyno-canesten, miconazole, itraconazole, terconazole cyclohexylmethylamine or ketoconazole, for example for at least one week.
These ointments should be applied up to 2 times a day or as directed by a gynecologist and it is more comfortable to apply before bedtime and there should be no intimate contact during treatment, especially without a condom.
In some cases, an antifungal pill, such as Fluconazole, in a single oral dose or 3 doses, may be used for 3 days separately from 72 hours. In addition, especially in situations of recurrent vaginal candidiasis it is necessary to keep taking the tablet once a week for at least 6 months. Both oral tablets and ointments are effective, however, the symptoms decrease more rapidly when the treatment is done directly in the vagina, with ointment, tablet or eggs.
The diet can help heal faster
A great strategy for curing candidiasis is to drink water with lemon, without sweetening it during the day, but in addition putting natural yogurt inside the vagina is another great natural strategy that has great results.
Home treatment for vulvovaginal candidiasis
A great home treatment for vaginal candidiasis is to wash the intimate region with water and vinegar in the ratio of 4 tablespoons of vinegar to half a liter of water.
In addition, it is also important to take some precautions to avoid recurrence of vaginal candidiasis, such as:
- Wash and dry the intimately well before bed;
- Wear tight clothing and cotton;
- Give preference to the ingestion of probiotics and lactobacillus, such as yogurt;
- Sleep without panties;
Do the intimate hygiene with vaginal gel with pH between 3.8 and 4.5, avoiding all products and soaps with chemicals.
It is also important to avoid foods rich in carbohydrates, fat and sugar, as they are the main food source of the fungus that causes vaginal candidiasis.
Symptoms of vaginal yeast infection
The symptoms of vaginal candidiasis usually appear when the body's immunity is decreased and include:
- White color, milk-like curd;
- Intense itching and burning sensation in the intimate region;
- Pain and burning during intimate contact;
- Swelling and redness of the intimate region.
The woman with these symptoms should consult the gynecologist to make the diagnosis of the infection through an examination to the vagina, such as the pap smear and if necessary start the appropriate treatment.
When the woman has candidiasis, it can transmit to the man during intercourse, but generally, the men do not develop symptoms and can re-infect the woman after the treatment and, therefore, when the woman has candidiasis the man must also do the same treatment without symptoms.
Other causes for vaginal itching
One of the most common symptoms of vaginal yeast infection is itching in the vagina, but this symptom may also indicate other health problems. Choose from the following symptoms and find out what they can be: