Ocular hemorrhage or hyphema, is characterized by the tearing of tiny blood vessels located in the conjunctiva, causing a red blood spot on the eye. The conjunctiva is a thin transparent film that covers the white part of the eyes called the sclera.
An eye hemorrhage is a fairly common situation that normally does not reach the inside of the eye so it doesn't affect vision. It usually cures by itself, disappearing in about 10 to 14 days, so normally no specific treatment is needed.
Causes for subconjunctival hemorrhages
Eye hemorrhages can be caused by irritative, allergic, traumatic or infectious processes. Therefore, blood in the eye can be caused by:
- Traumas such as scratching or rubbing the eyes;
- Physical exertions such as lifting weights or intense physical activities;
- Prolonged cough;
- Repeated sneezing;
- Doing to much force to evacuate;
- Episodes of vomiting;
- Severe eye infections;
- Surgery in the eye or eyelid.
Blood pressure spikes and changes in blood clotting rate are less common causes, but can also lead to blood in the eye.
Treatment for eye hemorrhage
It may not always be necessary to treat an eye hemorrhage because it usually goes away by itself within a few days. However, you can do a few things to speed healing, such as putting cold water patcher on the eye 2 times a day.
Sometimes artificial tears are used to reduce discomfort and the risk of further bleeding. The use of aspirin and anti-inflammatory drugs should be avoided.
Symptoms of Hyphema
Symptoms that may occur during an eye bleed are the appearance of a bright red blood spot on the white part of the eye, some irritation and a rough sensation on the surface of the eye.
The eye bleed does not cause pain or change in vision, but if this happens, you should see your ophthalmologist.
Eye bleed in baby's
An eye bleed in a baby is a common and uncomplicated situation, often caused by the baby himself when he scratches the eye or making certain efforts such as sneezing or coughing. Normally, the blood in the eye eventually disappears in 2 or 3 weeks.
In cases where the blood spot in the eye persists and the baby has a fever, you should go to the pediatrician as it may be a sign of an eye infection such as conjunctivitis, for example.