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Kidney stone symptoms, causes and treatment

A kidney stone is a stone-like mass that can form anywhere in the urinary system. Generally, kidney stones are eliminated through the urine without causing symptoms, but in some cases it can get stuck in the urine channels, generating severe pain and blood in the urine.

The treatment is usually done with fluid and medication intake, and in the most serious cases surgery may be necessary.

Kidney stone symptoms, causes and treatment

Kidney stone symptoms

If you suspect you might have kidney stones, choose your symptoms from the ones below:

  1. 1. Severe pain in the lower back, which may limit movement
    Yes
    No
  2. 2. Pain radiating from the back to the groin
    Yes
    No
  3. 3. Pain when urinating
    Yes
    No
  4. 4. Pink, red or brown urine
    Yes
    No
  5. 5. Frequent urge to urinate
    Yes
    No
  6. 6. Nausea or vomiting
    Yes
    No
  7. 7. Fever above 38º C
    Yes
    No
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In some cases, individuals may still lack urine if the stone is clogging its passageway. To find out more about the symptoms of kidney stones, see here.

Kidney stone treatment

Treatment for kidney stones is usually done at home and includes rest, fluid intake, and use of medication prescribed by a physician, such as painkillers or antispasmodics, such as Paracetamol or Buscopan.

In addition, anyone who has kidney stone should also be careful with what they eat, avoiding salt and drinking a glass of orange juice every day, for example. To learn more about what diet to follow if you have kidney stones see: Diet plan for kidney stones.

In some cases, patients may choose kidney stone laser surgery, which can remove stones up to 5 mm, preventing them from becoming trapped and causing pain. However, in more severe cases, hospitalization may be indicated for painkiller injections, such as Tramadol, or surgery to remove the kidney stones.

Kidney stone symptoms, causes and treatment

Natural treatment for kidney stones

A good natural treatment for kidney stones is royal rock break tea because it has a diuretic action and facilitates the elimination of stones.

In most cases the kidney stones are eliminated naturally through the urine without the person realizing it, but in some cases the stones can obstruct the urinary tract causing great pain and discomfort, being necessary in these cases to go to the hospital as soon as possible.

Causes for kidney stones

The appearance of kidney stones has many causes and may be related to low fluid intake, diet, genetic factor and may be aggravated due to some diseases. So, some of the causes of kidney stones include: 

  • Renal calcium calculus: of hereditary origin and should be treated with a low sodium and protein diet, and it is recommended to take diuretics. Treatment can be done by reducing the consumption of foods rich in oxalate and fats, taking a calcium supplement to facilitate the fixation of oxalate in the intestine.
  • Renal calculus of uric acid: it can be caused by excessive consumption of foods rich in proteins that generate increase of uric acid in the bloodstream. In this case the treatment can be done with by taking allopurinol and following a diet with low purine content.
  • Renal cystine calculation: of hereditary origin, can be treated with massive quantities of liquids, alkalis and D-penicillamine, when necessary.
  • Renal calculus of struvite: can be caused due to a complication of an infection in the urinary system. Its treatment can be done by taking antibiotics and surgery to remove the stones as they tend to be large.

When performing the tests that diagnose the renal calculus, the doctor can identify which type of calculation the individual has, analyzing the composition and indicating the best treatment. For all types of kidney stone, the main recommended treatment is the intake of approximately 3 liters of water a day and a lot of rest, as hospitalization is not always necessary because the stones can be naturally expelled by the body.

In addition, kidney stones can also be caused by rare diseases such as primary or secondary hyperoxaluria, for example. These diseases promote an accumulation of oxalate in the body due to deficiencies in the enzymes that would normally digest this compound, which ends up overloading the kidneys, leading to the appearance of stones. These diseases can be treated with probiotic supplements containing the living bacterium Oxalobacter formigenes, which produces energy through the consumption of oxalate and is therefore very effective in its elimination.

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