White discharge when accompanied by unusual smell and consistency may be a sign of vaginal infection such as candidiasis or any change in normal vaginal flora such as bacterial vaginosis. In these cases, the discharge is accompanied by other symptoms, such as burning sensation and vaginal itching, and it is recommended to consult a gynecologist as soon as possible, so that the doctor can recommend the best treatment.
However, not all discharges are a sign of disease or infection, because it is normal for women to have small amounts of odorless and fluid white or transparent secretions, its function is to maintain vaginal lubrication. In addition, egg-like discharge may indicate a woman's fertile days.
Main causes of white vaginal discharge
White milk-like curds when accompanied by other symptoms such as itching, redness, and burning sensation in the vulva and vagina can have different causes, including:
Vaginal Candidiasis is a very common infection in women due to the development of the fungus Candida albicans, which in addition to white discharge also causes itching in the genital area, burning when urinating, pain during intimate contact and redness in the genitalia.
- Treatment: Generally, the treatment is done with the use of antifungal medication, in the form of pills, ointments or vaginal tablets, like Gyno-canesten, Gyno-Dartarin or Fluconazole, for example. The treatment can last between 3 to 7 days and should be recommended by a gynecologist.
Bacterial vaginosis is a change in the normal vaginal flora, where there is a greater development of the bacterium Gardnerella vaginalis, which can cause a white, gray or yellow color discharge, unpleasant smell similar to the smell of rotten fish, itching and burning sensation in the genital region.
- Treatment: Generally, treatment is done using antibiotics such as metronidazole, which should be prescribed by a gynecologist. During the recovery period, it is recommended you use a condom.
When the discharge is yellow, brown or pink, it can be a sign of infection or sexually transmitted diseases, learn more at Vaginal Discharge: what each color means.
How to prevent white discharges
To prevent the onset of vaginal infections such as candidiasis or changes in the vaginal flora, there are some very important hygiene habits, which include:
- Avoid getting you panties wet;
- Do not wear synthetic panties, choose cotton pieces;
- Wear light clothing and avoid tight jeans and shorts;
- Avoid sweet foods and rich carbohydrate foods, as they reduce immunity by boosting the onset of infections;
- Do not use the soaps directly over the genital area and wash the external region of the vagina using an intimate soap;
- Sleep without panties;
- After evacuating, always wipe from front to back to prevent fecal bacteria from entering the vagina and causing infections.
In addition, perfumed wipes or scented toilet paper can also harm a woman's intimate health, enhancing the onset of infections.