When diarrhea occurs, meals should be light, easy to digest, and in small amounts, using foods such as chicken soup, vegetable puree, corn kernels and cooked fruits, for example.
In addition, during treatment for diarrhea, it is essential to drink water, tea, fruit juice and coconut water in the same proportion of water lost in the feces, to avoid dehydration, which can cause complications such as decreased blood pressure and fainting, for example. See the list of foods in how to stop diarrhea fast.
Menu of what to eat when you have diarrhea
Below is a menu example of what to eat when you have diarrhea:
|Day 1||Day 2||Day 3|
|Breakfast||Chamomile tea with guava leaves and sugar||Rice porridge||French bread with strained guava juice|
|Lunch||Strained chicken soup||Chicken soup with carrots|
Cooked rice with boiled chicken and a cooked apple for dessert
Maize biscuits and chamomile tea with sugar
|Banana and cornstarch porridge|
|Dinner||Pumpkin puree and baked potato||Carrot puree with cooked potato and a cooked apple||Carrot puree, cooked potato and pumpkin and a baked apple|
It is important to remember that if there is blood in your stools, fever or if diarrhea persists in the elderly and children, a doctor should be consulted to identify the cause of the problem and initiate appropriate treatment.
Home remedies to fight diarrhea
Some home remedies can be used along with dietary precautions to fight diarrhea, such as:
- Chamomile tea;
- Apple syrup;
- Guava tea;
- Apple juice;
- Rice water.
These natural remedies soothe the gut and help trap stools, controlling pain and diarrhea.
When is medication necessary
If diarrhea is severe and persists for more than 1 week, if there is fever or blood in your stools, or if diarrhea is in children or the elderly, a doctor should be consulted to assess the cause of the problem and avoid possible complications such as dehydration and fainting.
In these cases, the doctor may prescribe medication such as Imosec, Diasec, Avid and antibiotics. In addition, it may also be necessary to take probiotic medication to restore the intestinal flora, such as Floratil and Simcaps.
Types of diarrhea
Diarrhea is characterized by an increase in the frequency of bowel movements per day, which occurs with very soft or liquid stools, that makes you go to the toilet with urgency and provokes abdominal pain. In addition, various types of diarrhea, especially infectious ones, can cause fever.
However, according to the frequency of bowel movements and with the cause, diarrhea can be classified as:
It occurs for a short time, usually 2 to 14 days, and its treatment is done by removing the food or medication that cause diarrhea. It is usually caused by poor absorption of some nutrients such as lactose and fructose, but the cause may also be the use of medication such as antacids, laxatives and nutritional supplements.
Severe diarrhea can cause other problems such as anal fissures, which should be treated using healing ointments.
Chronic diarrhea arises when fluid and constant bowel movements last for more than 2 weeks. In these cases, it is common for the doctor to order blood, stools, or colonoscopy tests to investigate the cause of the problem.
This type of diarrhea can have several causes, such as infection by viruses, bacteria or protozoa, inflammatory bowel disease, ulcerative colitis, chronic pancreatitis, Crohn's disease, irritable bowel syndrome, bowel tumor, celiac disease and others. Treatment for chronic diarrhea is done based on the correct diagnosis of the cause of the problem.
Infectious diarrhea is a type of acute diarrhea, but it is caused by microorganisms such as viruses, bacteria, fungi or protozoa. Unlike food infection, in infectious diarrhea a change in your diet does not improve the disease.
In these cases, the onset of fever is common and it is necessary to go to the doctor for blood and stools tests to identify the cause of the problem and follow the appropriate treatment.
When to go to the doctor
It is important to know the symptoms and seek medical help if one or more of the following occurs:
- If the diarrhea lasts more than a week;
- If you show signs of dehydration, such as dry mouth and skin, little urine, weakness and indisposition;
- Severe and persistent abdominal pain;
- Dark or bloody stools;
- High fever.
It is important to remember that diarrhea is more severe in children and the elderly, so extra care should be taken in these cases, seeking medical help if diarrhea persists for more than 3 days even with a change in your diet.