When the pressure is high, above 14 by 9, it is accompanied by other symptoms such as very severe headache, nausea, blurred vision, dizziness and if you have the diagnosis of high blood pressure, you should:
- Take the medication indicated by your cardiologist for SOS situations;
- Go to the ER if it does not improve in 1 hour because it can be a medical emergency situation.
However, when one is not hypertensive and the pressure is high, without any other symptom it is advised:
- Try to relax a little and wait 1 hour to measure the pressure again.
If after that, the pressure is still high, make an appointment with a cardiologist as soon as possible, because this may indicate a picture of hypertension that may require treatment with pressure-regulating medications, as indicated by the cardiologist.
Why does blood pressure become high
The pressure is high when the blood finds more difficulty in passing through the arteries, which usually happens due to the accumulation of fat plates inside. However, in certain situations it can get very high, for example:
- On receiving bad news;
- By getting very excited;
- After a great meal;
- During a very intense physical effort.
In addition, people who already have high blood pressure frequently may have peaks of pressure, seemingly without reason. And so it is important to regularly check your blood pressure at the pharmacy, for example. In addition to properly taking the medication that the doctor deems necessary and maintaining the healthy habits indicated by the doctor, such as a diet poor in salt and fat, and regular light to moderate exercises.
What to do to control high blood pressure
To control high blood pressure, avoiding its complications, the hypertensive should measure blood pressure at least once a week, noting their values to show the cardiologist at the next visits. So the doctor can get a better perception of how the pressure behaves and may indicate the most appropriate treatment.
However, other equally important steps that should be taken to help control the pressure better are:
- Weight loss, maintaining the ideal weight;
- Follow a low salt diet;
- Practice physical exercises;
- Quit smoking, if it is the case;
- Avoid stressful environments;
- Always take the medication your doctor tells you to.
An effective home treatment to control high blood pressure is orange juice with eggplant. One should beat half an eggplant in the blender with 1 cup of natural orange juice and then strain. It is recommended to drink this juice every morning for breakfast.