Giving the baby a warm bath, with about 36ºC of temperature, is a great way to reduce fever naturally, putting a wet hand towel in cold water on the forehead; in the neck; armpits or baby's groin is also an excellent strategy.
When the baby's temperature is above 37.5 ° C, it's fever is not always a sign of illness, as can also be caused by heat, too much clothing, birth of teeth or reaction to a vaccine.
Fever is most worrying is when it is caused because of infections from viruses, fungi or bacteria, and in this case, it is common for the fever to appear fast and high, and not give in with the simple measures mentioned above, requiring the use of medication.
Natural techniques for lowering a baby's fever
To lower the baby's fever it is advised to:
- Remove excess baby clothing;
- Offer liquids to the baby, which can be milk or water;
- Give the baby a warm water bath;
- Put wet towels in cold water on the forehead; neck; armpits and groin.
If temperature does not lower with these tips in about 30 minutes it is recommended to call your pediatrician to find out what medication you can give your baby.
Medication to lower a baby's fever
Drugs should only be used under the advice of a doctor or pediatrician, and usually they indicate antipyretics such as Acetaminophen, Dipyrone, Ibuprofen every 4 hours, for example.
When there are signs of inflammation, the doctor may prescribe the combined use of Paracetamol and Ibuprofen in interleaved doses every 4, 6, or 8 hours. The dose varies according to the child's weight, so be aware of the right amount.
The doctor may also prescribe antibiotics in case of infection caused by certain viruses or bacteria.
Usually it is only recommended to give each dose after 4 hours and if the child has a fever superior to 37.5ºC, because the a low fever is a defense mechanism of the body, in the fight against viruses and bacteria and therefore, you should not give medication if the fever is lower than 37.5ºC.
In case of viral infections, the virus gives way after 3 days even with the use of medication and in case of bacterial infection, the fever only drops after 2 days with antibiotic use.
When to go to the doctor
It is recommended to go to the hospital, emergency room or consult your pediatrician when:
- Your baby is under 3 months old;
- The fever is above 38 ° C and the temperature rapidly reaches 39.5 ° C, indicating a the possibility of bacterial infection;
- There is loss of appetite, there is refusal of the bottle, if the baby sleeps much and when awake, shows signs of intense and unusual irritation, which may indicate a serious infection;
- Blemishes or spots on the skin;
- Other symptoms arise, such as the baby is always whimpering or moaning;
- The baby cries a lot or stays still for a long time without any apparent reaction;
- If there are signs that the baby is having difficulty breathing;
- If it is not possible to feed the baby for more than 3 meals;
- If there are signs of dehydration;
- The baby becomes very apathetic and can not stand or walk;
- If the baby can not sleep for more than 2 hours, waking up several times during the day or night because he is expected to sleep more due to fever.
If the baby has a seizure and begins to struggle, you should remain calm and lie him on his side, protecting his little head, there is no risk of the baby suffocating with his tongue, but one should take pacifiers or food from inside of his mouth. The febrile seizure usually lasts about 20 seconds and is a single episode, not much of a concern. If the seizure lasts more than 2 minutes, the child should be taken to the hospital.
When talking to the doctor it is important to tell the baby's age and when the fever started, whether it is continuous or if it seems to go by itself and always comes back at the same time because it makes a difference for the doctor to reach a conclusion of what the problem can be.