People with mild diverticulitis, should avoid foods like sunflower seeds or fatty foods like fried foods, for example, because they increase abdominal pain. This is because the seeds can lodge in the diverticula, increasing intestinal inflammation and the fats increase the movements of the intestine, causing more pain.
Treatment for acute diverticulitis is done with a liquid or fasting diet and also using medication to deflate the bowel and fight infection.
However, in mild cases or after an acute recovery, the diverticulitis diet should contain food rich in water and fiber, but low in fat, to help soften the stool and facilitate its withdrawal so as not to accumulate in the intestine.
List of foods to avoid
Below are some examples of foods that should be avoided by those who have diverticulitis:
- Peels of popcorn,
- Pumpkin seeds,
- Caraway seeds,
- Sesame seeds,
- Red and greasy meats;
During the treatment of diverticulitis it is recommended to consume foods high in fiber to increase the stool and drink enough water to help in the expulsion of the feces.
The foods allowed for people with diverticulitis are the ones rich in water and fiber, but low in fat. Some examples of foods allowed in a case of diverticulitis are:
- Spinach, watercress, chard, lettuce;
- Carrot, eggplant, onion, broccoli, cauliflower;
- Whole grain cereal;
- Apple, orange, pear, plum, banana.
In addition to increasing the consumption of these foods it is essential to drink 2 to 3 liters of water a day, as the fibers of these foods increase fecal mass, but water is necessary to help the body to eliminate feces.
Taking care of the foods you eat is important, but another way to treat diverticulitis is the drinking chamomile and valerian tea.