The tingling sensation in the legs and feet can happen simply by misplacing the body or may be a sign of diseases such as a herniated disc, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, by a fractured limb or an animal bite.
This symptom may arise alone or accompanied by other symptoms, and a specific treatment may be necessary to cure the disease causing it.
1. Poor body positioning
One of the most common causes for tingling in the legs and feet is sitting, lying or standing in the same position for a long time, such as sitting on a leg, causing poor circulation and compression of the nerve.
What to do: Ideally, you should change your position frequently and stretch at least once a day to stimulate circulation. If you are going to take long trips or work all day sitting, it is recommended you do various pauses to walk for a little.
2. Herniated Disc
The disc herniation consists of a protrusion of the intervertebral disc that causes symptoms such as back pain and numbness in the spine, which can radiate to the legs and toes and cause a tingling sensation.
What to do: The treatment consists in taking painkillers, muscle relaxants or anti-inflammatory drugs to relieve pain and inflammation, physical therapy, and in more severe cases surgery may be needed.
3. Peripheral polyneuropathy
Peripheral polyneuropathy is characterized by changes in the nerves of the body, causing the person to feel a lot of pain, tingling, lack of strength or lack of sensitivity in some specific regions of the body.
What to do: The treatment is done according to the needs of each person. The the disease causes neuropathy, and the treatment consists of pain relief with painkillers and physiotherapy, which is a great option to rehabilitate the affected areas.
4. Panic attacks, anxiety and stress
Extreme stress and anxiety can trigger symptoms such as tingling of the hands, arms, tongue and legs and may be accompanied by other symptoms such as cold sweats, heart palpitations, and chest or belly pain.
What to do: In these cases you should try to stay calm and regulate breathing in order to improve blood circulation. If this is not possible, a doctor should be consulted because treatment may be necessary.
5. Multiple sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis is a chronic disease characterized by an inflammation, in which the layers of myelin that cover and isolate or neurons are destroyed, which in turn damages the transmission of messages that control the movements of the organism such as talking or walking, leading to disability. In addition to causing a tingling sensation in the limbs, this disease can also manifest involuntary movements in the muscles and lead to difficulty walking.
What to do: Multiple sclerosis has no cure and treatment has to be done for a lifetime, which consists of taking medication to slow the progression of the disease, such as Interferon, Fingolimode, Natalizumab and Glatiramer Acetate, steroids to reduce the intensity and duration of seizures, and medication to control symptoms, such as painkillers, muscle relaxants or antidepressants. See more about the treatment for multiple sclerosis.
Beriberi is a disease caused by the deficiency in vitamin B1 that can cause symptoms such as muscle cramps, double vision, confusion and tingling in the hands and feet.
What to do: The treatment of this disease consists of ingesting vitamin B1 supplements, eliminating alcohol consumption and increased consumption of foods rich in this vitamin, such as oat flakes, sunflower seeds or rice, for example.
During the fracture treatment, because the limb is immobilized for a long time and is slightly compressed due to the ice placement, which may provoke a tingling sensation in that place. Tingling in the legs is more frequent when the fracture occurs in the hip.
What to do: One thing that can help reduce the tingling sensation is to keep the limb slightly raised in relation to the body whenever possible. However, if you feel too much discomfort you should go to the doctor.
Diabetes can cause poor circulation, especially in the body's extremities such as hands and feet, and tingling can be a sign of the onset of wounds or ulcers in the feet or hands.
What to do: In these cases it is very important to control blood glucose levels frequently, be careful with food and go for walks of at least 30 minutes a day, in order to help improve blood circulation.
9. Guillian-Barré syndrome
Guillian-Barré syndrome is a serious neurological disorder characterized by inflammation of the nerves and muscle weakness, which can lead to death. In most cases it is diagnosed after an infection caused by a virus, such as dengue or zika, for example. One of the most common symptoms is tingling and loss of sensitivity of legs and arms.
What to do: Usually the treatment is done in the hospital which consists in doing blood filtration, in order to remove the antibodies that are attacking the nervous system, or injecting antibodies that act against those antibodies that are attacking the nerves, reducing its inflammation.
10. Animal bites
The bite of some animals such as bees, snakes or spiders can cause tingling in the area of the bite, and may be accompanied by other symptoms such as swelling, fever or burning, for example.
What to do: The first thing to do is try to identify the animal that caused the injury, wash the area well and go to the emergency room as soon as possible.
Atherosclerosis is characterized by the accumulation of fat plaques inside the arteries, which occurs over time, and can block blood flow and cause a heart attack or stroke. Most of the symptoms only arise when the vessel get blocked, which can cause chest pain, breathing difficulties, leg pain, fatigue and tingling sensation, and muscle weakness in the area that has poor circulation.
What to do: Atherosclerosis plaque will form due to high cholesterol, advancing age and obesity, so improving nutrition, consuming less saturated fats and sugar and practicing exercise regularly, can help prevent plaque formation. It is also very important to go to the doctor immediately as soon as the first symptoms appear.