The diet for uric acid should be low in simple carbohydrates, which are present in foods such as breads, cakes, sugar, sweets, savory foods, desserts, sodas and processed juices. In addition, excessive consumption of red meat, offal such as liver, kidney and gizzard, and seafood such as shrimp and crab should be avoided.
In this diet it is also important to ingest 2 to 3 liters of water a day and increase the intake of vitamin C rich foods such as orange, pineapple, kiwi and acerola, as they help in the elimination of uric acid in the kidneys and helps to prevent the formation of kidney stones.
Allowed and forbidden foods
The foods that should be avoided are mainly those with high glycemic index, such as bread, sugar and flour, because they increase blood glucose and insulin release, a hormone that increases the accumulation of uric acid in the body.
On the other hand, you should increase your intake of fruits, vegetables, good fats like olive oil and nuts, and whole grains, as shown in the following table:
Fruits, dried fruits and vegetables
|Peas, beans, soybeans, corn, lentils, chickpeas||Sauces, meat broth and meat extract|
White bread, rice, pasta and wheat flour
|Asparagus, cauliflower, spinach||Red meats, white meats, sausage, sausage, bacon, ham|
|Milk, yogurt, butter and cheeses||Mushrooms||Viscus such as liver, kidneys and gizzards|
Whole grain cereals: whole wheat flour, whole wheat bread, wheat bran, oats
|Fatty fish: anchovies, sardines, salmon, mackerel, trout, herring|
|Chocolate e cocoa||---||Seafood: crab, shrimp, mussels, fish roe and caviar|
|Coffee and teas||---||Alcoholic beverages, especially beer|
Although it is popularly said that tomatoes are a prohibited food for uric acid, there are no studies to support this relationship. In addition, because tomatoes are a healthy food rich in water and antioxidants, their consumption has health benefits.
Another myth is that acidic fruits acidify the blood, making uric acid worse. Fruit acidity is quickly neutralized in the stomach, where gastric acid is stronger than food acid. When absorbed, food enters the blood neutral, which maintains a tightly adjusted control of your pH.
Tips to reduce uric acid
To help reduce uric acid, there are some tips that can be followed every day like:
- Consume at least 1.5 to 2 liters of water a day;
- Increase consumption of fruits and vegetables at least 5 times a day;
- Moderate ingestion of meat and fish;
- Give preference to diuretic foods like watermelon, cucumber, celery or garlic;
- Avoid consumption of foods rich in purines, such as liver, kidneys and gizzards;
- Decrease the consumption of industrialized and high sugar products, such as soft drinks, crackers or prepared food;
- Increase consumption of foods with vitamin C like oranges, pineapple and cherries. See other foods that are rich in vitamin C.
It is best to always consult a nutritionist to make a food plan according to an individuals needs. In addition, the nutritionist can also indicate vitamin C supplementation at a dose of 500 to 1500 mg / day, as this vitamin helps eliminate through the urine the excess uric acid.
Diet menu to lower Uric Acid Levels
The following table shows an example of a 3-day menu to help control blood uric acid levels:
|Meal||Day 1||Day 2||Day 3|
|Breakfast||1 cup of coffee unsweetened+ Vegetable omelet with olive oil||1 natural yogurt beaten with strawberries + 1 slice of whole grain bread with cheese||1 cup of coffee with milk + 2 scrambled eggs with ricotta cream and diced tomatoes|
|Morning snack||1 banana + 5 cashews||1 slice of papaya + 1 tablespoon of peanut butter||1 glass of green juice|
|Lunch/Dinner||Whole grain rice with broccoli + baked chicken drumsticks with olive oil||Sweet potato puree + 1 pork cop + raw salad sprinkled with olive oil|
whole grain pasta + tuna + pesto sauce + braised coleslaw and carrot salad in butter
|Afternoon snack||1 natural yogurt + 1 fruit + 1 slice of cheese||1 cup of coffee with milk + 1 slice of whole grain bread + 1 scrambled egg||1 natural yogurt + 10 cashews|
In addition, it is also important to maintain proper weight to control uric acid levels, and to assess whether the presence of other diseases such as diabetes, which favor an increase in uric acid levels in the blood.