When your baby reaches 6 months of age it is necessary to introduce new foods into their diet, interspersed with the feedings or the use of milk formula appropriate for their age. So it is at this stage that foods such as vegetables, fruits and porridges should be added in their diet, always with the consistency of purees to facilitate swallowing and digestion.
During the introduction of new foods into the baby's menu, it is important that each new food is introduced on its own, to facilitate the identification of allergies or food sensitivities, allowing you to identify the reasons for problems such as stomach pain, diarrhea or constipation. Ideally, each new food should be introduced into their diet every 3 days, which also facilitates the baby's adaptation to the taste and texture of new foods.
So, you should ideally start with the following foods:
- Soups or vegetable purees: are rich in vitamins, minerals and fibers that are essential for the baby to develop in a healthy way. Some examples of vegetables that can be given are pumpkin, potato, carrot, sweet potato, zucchini, cauliflower, chayote and onion. In addition, the soup or puree should be made without using salt and you should add 1 teaspoon of olive oil after the preparation is ready.
- Fruit puree: grated or crushed fruits should be given to the baby in his morning or afternoon snacks, and you can also offer cooked fruits, without adding sugar. Some good fruits to introduce to the baby are apple, pear, banana and papaya.
- Maize: maize porridge should be made according to the recommendation of the pediatrician or nutritionist, following the dilution indicated on the label. The baby can eat cereals, flours and starch by using sources such as corn, rice, wheat and cassava. In addition, you should not avoid giving gluten to the baby, as contact with gluten decreases the chances of food intolerance in the future.
It is natural that when you introduce the first solid meals your baby eats very little, because they are still developing the ability to swallow food and dwelling on new flavors and textures. Therefore, it is often necessary to supplement the meal with breast milk or a bottle, being important not to force the baby to eat more than he wishes.
Example of a food plan
An example of a food plan for a 6 month old baby can be:
- Breakfast (7h): Breast milk or bottle;
- Morning snack (10h): Fruit puree with banana an apple;
- Lunch (13h): Vegetable puree with sweet potato, pumpkin and cauliflower;
- Afternoon snack (16h): Breast milk or bottle;
- Dinner (18:30h): Wheat porridge;
- Supper (21h): Breast milk or bottle.
Purees and porridges should be given to the baby with a spoon, avoiding giving them in a bottle because he must learn to feel the texture of these new foods and also because using a spoon stimulates chewing and they learn to swallow food.
Recipes for Complementary Food
See below two simple recipes that can be given to the baby at 6 months.
This recipe will give you 4 portions, so you are able to freeze them for the following days.
- 80 g of sweet potato;
- 100 g of zucchini;
- 100 g of carrot;
- 1 teaspoon of olive oil.
Peel, wash and cut potatoes and carrots into cubes. Wash the zucchini and cut into slices. Put the potatoes, carrots and zucchini in a pan with boiling water and let it cook for 20 minutes. Drain the excess water and beat the ingredients using the blender or until it becomes very creamy. Then add the olive oil and if necessary to help weight gain, add 2 teaspoons of the baby's milk.
This puree is simple and can be offered as a snack or as dessert after a meal with vegetable puree, for example.
- 120 g of banana
- 1/2 mango
- 2 tablespoons of powered baby's milk
Wash and peel the mango and the banana. Cut into pieces and beat in the blender until it becomes a puree. Then add the milk and mix until it becomes smooth.