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5 Treatment options for external hemorrhoids

Treatment for external hemorrhoids can be done by using some homemade remedies like seat baths with warm water, for example. However, anti-inflammatory drugs or hemorrhoid ointments may also be useful in the treatment to relieve pain and discomfort, thereby reducing hemorrhoids quickly.

When hemorrhoids are very large or arise frequently, the proctologist may indicate surgery, but usually these home remedies are effective and have a long-lasting effect.

5 Treatment options for external hemorrhoids
5 Treatment options for external hemorrhoids

So, to control a hemorrhoid quickly you need:

1. Do a seat bath with warm water

A seat bath with warm water helps to relieve swelling and pain and should last about 15 to 20 minutes and can be done as often as needed. Some medicinal plants can be added in the bowl with warm water such as, chamomile, lavender, arnica and witch hazel, these may help to soothe the region by relieving pain within minutes. But to prevent the region from becoming infected, it is recommended you use a properly cleaned and disinfected stainless steel bowl with alcohol, and change the water for each seat bath.

2. Eat more foods rich in fiber and drink more water

Eating fiber-rich foods, such as whole grains, leafy vegetables and peeled fruits, is also a great way to soften stools, bringing less discomfort while you defecate. But for a better use of the fibers it is also important to drink 2 liters of water a day.

Some examples of indicated foods are: fig, papaya and oats, but it is also possible to add a water-soluble fiber called Benefiber, which is bought at the pharmacy. Simply mix 1 tablespoon of this powder in the water, soup or juice and take at all meals. In addition, you should drink plenty of fluids throughout the day, and if this care is not taken, the effect may be the opposite and the stools can get even harder and harder to leave, making the hemorrhoids worse.

3. Use hemorrhoid ointments

Good examples are Imescard, Proctosan and Ultraproct, which may be indicated by a pharmacist, proctologist or general practitioner. These ointments can help to decrease the size of the hemorrhoid and ease the pain within minutes.

4. Medication for hemorrhoids

 Paracetamol and Ibuprofen may be used under medical supervision to relieve swelling and pain caused by hemorrhoids, but diabetics should only use hemorrhoids remedies under medical supervision.

Usually the external hemorrhoid relieves soon after following these treatments, disappearing in 2 or 3 days, but in more severe cases, when there are no signs of improvement, surgery may be necessary.

5. Hemorrhoid Surgery

Surgery for external hemorrhoids is only indicated in the most severe cases, when the hemorrhoid is trapped in the anus or ruptures, usually with the use of ointments, the seat baths and the feeding, the external hemorrhoid disappears. 

However, after surgery, the individual should continue to eat a high-fiber diet and avoid straining to evacuate to prevent the appearance of new hemorrhoids.

Cautions during treatment

During treatment, you should follow the precautions below:

  • Avoid using toilet paper by washing the anal area with soap and water after bowel movements;
  • Do not lift weights;
  • Do not eat foods that are too spicy and are over seasoned;
  • Doing physical exercise, which can be a walking;
  • If necessary, use a hoop-shaped cushion with an opening in the center to seat.

Another important tip is to not force yourself to evacuate as this increases the risk of creating more hemorrhoids.

Signs your getting better

The signs that your external hemorrhoids are improving includes pain relief, especially when sitting and evacuating, as well as the reduction of hemorrhoid swelling and the decrease or disappearance of blood in bowel movements. In addition, the fact that the you can no longer feel the hemorrhoids means that they have disappeared.

Signs your getting worse

Signs that external hemorrhoids have worsened include increased pain, especially when sitting or defecating, as well as hemorrhoid swelling. In addition, external hemorrhoid may be larger when the individual palpates, and may lose more blood with bowel movements.

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