Although it is more common in women, urinary tract infections can also affect men and cause symptoms like urgency to urinate, pain and burning during or shortly after the end of urination.
This disease is more common in men over the age of 50, especially in men who have had anal intercourse, men who have not been circumcised, as well as men who have a problem blocking urine output or that use catheters to urinate.
Therefore, you should be alert to the following symptoms:
- Frequent urge to urinate;
- Pain and burning sensation while urinating;
- Difficulty in holding urine;
- Blurry and strong smelling urine;
- Waking up at night to go to the bathroom;
- Low fever;
- Urine with blood;
- Pain in the groin area or lower back.
However, it is also common for the infection to cause no symptoms in men, being identified only during routine medical examinations.
To diagnose UTI in men, the doctor takes into account the history of symptoms and the results of the urinalysis, which will identify the presence of microorganisms that may be causing the problem.
In addition, the doctor can ask questions about your sex life to identify risk factors for infections or STDs, and can perform a touch examination to see if there is an increase in prostate size.
In young men with signs of enlarged prostate, to identify UTI the urologist can also recommend tests such as computed tomography, ultrasonography and cystoscopy to assess if there are other problems in the urinary tract.
Treatment for urinary tract infection in men is done according to the cause of the problem and it is usually necessary to take antibiotics.
In general, symptoms begin to improve after about 2 days of use, but in more severe cases it may be necessary to do a longer treatment, lasting for two or more weeks, or even be hospitalized.
Some factors increase the risk of men developing a urinary tract infection, such as:
- Having anal intercourse;
- Using a tube to urinate;
- Having an enlarged prostate, also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia;
- Drinking little fluids;
- Holding the urge to urinate for too long and too often;
- Having urine reflux from the bladder to the kidneys;
- Kidney stones;
- Tumors in the urinary tract;
- Chronic prostatitis.
Uncircumcised men are also more likely to have urinary tract infections and sexually transmitted diseases because excess skin on the penis makes it difficult to clean and increases the risk of microorganisms proliferating in the area.
To identify some of the diseases and prevent complications, see 10 symptoms that may indicate prostatitis.