The main symptom of stomach ulcer is pain in the "pit of the stomach", which is located about 3 to 4 fingers above the navel. In general, the pain appears between meals or at night, being difficult to control even with drugs that improve digestion.
The ulcer is a wound in the stomach, which hurts and gets worse when the gastric acid comes in contact with the wound because of its acidity the irritation and inflammation in the affected area increases. The main cause of gastric ulcers is the presence of Helicobacter pylori bacteria in the stomach, but this problem may also appear due to stress or a poor diet.
To identify the presence of gastric ulcers, one should be aware of the following symptoms:
- Full stomach feeling;
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Pain and burning sensation in the middle abdomen;
- Very dark or reddish stools.
The presence of feces or reddish vomit indicates bleeding in the intestine, and it is necessary to seek the doctor to identify the location and cause of the problem. Ulcers are usually caused by chronic gastritis.
Diagnosis of stomach ulcer
As no symptom can be conclusive on its own, to diagnose a stomach ulcer an examination is needed. Therefore, endoscopy is important both for diagnosis and for determining the treatment, as well as for the prognosis of the disease.
The physician should take into consideration risk factors, such as the patient's age, drug intake, and infection with Helicobacter pylori.
Treatment for ulcer is done with medication like Omeprazole or Ranitidine, which inhibit the acidic secretion of the stomach. It lasts on average 4 to 8 weeks, depending on the size of the ulcer and its location.
In ulcers infected with the Helicobacter Pylory bacterium, it is necessary a combination of antibiotics according to medical advice, such as Clarithromycin, Amoxicillin, Imidazole, Tetracycline and / or Bismuth is associated with therapy.