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9 symptoms of parasitic worms and their treatment

Symptoms of worms arise from the ingestion of eggs of these microorganisms, which are present in the soil, raw meats or dirty surfaces, and that develop in the intestine, causing symptoms such as swollen belly, abdominal pain or anal itching, for example.

The presence of worms is more common in children because they generally have more contact with the floor and dirt and often carry their hands to their mouths.

Symptom test for worms

To find out if you have parasitic worms in the intestine, choose your symptoms below:

  1. 1. Constant abdominal pain
    Yes
    No
  2. 2. Swollen belly or excess gas
    Yes
    No
  3. 3. Frequent tiredness for no apparent reason
    Yes
    No
  4. 4. Itchy anus
    Yes
    No
  5. 5. Periods of diarrhea, interspersed with constipation
    Yes
    No
  6. 6. Presence of small white dots in the stool
    Yes
    No
  7. 7. Weight loss for no apparent reason
    Yes
    No
  8. 8. Appetite changes with little or no hunger
    Yes
    No
  9. 9. Very dark stools
    Yes
    No
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However, in some cases, worm eggs may also develop before they reach the intestine, causing symptoms of stomach worms that include nausea, vomiting, heartburn, or a feeling of movement in the stomach. There are some cases where the presence of worms in the intestine cause the belly to become swollen, which can cause a slight discomfort in the region around the navel.

Symptoms of worms in babies

The symptoms of worms in babies and children can be:

  • Vomiting, diarrhea or colics;
  • Lack of desire to play;
  • Swollen belly, that doesn't disappear with an abdominal massage;
  • Anal itching, especially at night, turning sleeping difficult;
  • Worms found in the diaper, anus or babies poop;
  • Yellowed skin (jaundice);
  • Delayed growth.

The symptoms of worms in childhood appear mainly in infants over 6 months of age, as they have greater contact with soil and dirt. In these cases it is important to consult a pediatrician to start the appropriate treatment.

Treatment for worms

The best treatment for worms is done with medication, but it is also important during and after treatment to wash your hands well to prevent the transmission of worm eggs to other individuals, especially after defecating or before cooking, for example.

To prevent infestation with worms, your should follow a few precautions, such as washing your hands frequently, keeping your nails trimmed, cook meat well and wash vegetables before using them. 

What are the most common used medication for worms

The most commonly used medication are Albendazole and Mebendazole, but a general practitioner should be consulted before taking any of the two medication, because there are several types of worms, so other medications may be recommended such as Secnidazole, Tinidazole and Metronidazole, for example.

These medications can be purchased at a pharmacy in the form of a single-dose pill or syrup for adults and children over the age of 2 years, but their use varies according to the type of worm and requires a doctor's appointment before taking it.

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