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Signs and symptoms of high triglycerides

High triglycerides usually do not cause symptoms and therefore can cause damage to the body quietly, and it is not uncommon for changes in triglyceride levels to only be identified in routine exams and to manifest itself through more serious complications.

Triglycerides are fat particles in the blood, so high levels of triglycerides to be linked to high levels of cholesterol. You should make an appointment with a physician as soon as possible so that these changes can be identified and their treatment initiated in order to avoid serious complications such as atherosclerosis, pancreatitis or hepatic steatosis, for example.

Xanthelasma in the eye
Xanthelasma in the eye

High triglycerides symptoms

The increase in the amount of triglycerides in the blood usually does not lead to the appearance of symptoms and is only found in routine examinations. However, when the increase in triglycerides happens due to genetic factors, some symptoms may appear, such as:

  • Small white bags on the skin, especially close to the eyes, elbows or fingers, scientifically called xanthelasma;
  • Accumulation of fat in the belly region and in other regions of the body;
  • Appearance of white spots on the retina, which is detectable through an eye examination.

The normal value for triglycerides is up to 150 mg / dL. Values above 200 mg / dL are normally considered hazardous and follow-up with a cardiologist and nutritionist is recommended so that you can follow measures to improve your lifestyle and diet, for example. Learn more about reference levels for triglycerides and cholesterol.

What to do if you have high levels of triglycerides

If you have high levels of triglycerides it is recommended you do regular physical activity, such as walking, running or swimming, at least 3 to 4 times a week for 30 minutes.

However, in the most severe cases where it is not possible to lower blood triglyceride levels simply by exercising and eating, your doctor may prescribe medication such as Genfibrozil or Fenofibrate. However, this compound can also cause an increase of VLDL cholesterol, which is responsible for increasing the risk of developing atherosclerosis.

It is also important to see a nutritionist to start a balanced diet that is low in fats, alcohol and sugar. See what to do to lower your triglycerides.

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