When vaginal discharge has some color, smell or unusual consistency, it may indicate the presence of vaginal infection such as candidiasis, trichomoniasis or the sexually transmitted diseases, such as gonorrhea.
Therefore, when vaginal discharge is not transparent and is white, yellow, green, pink or brown, it indicates different problems such as vaginal infections, for example, it is important to consult your gynecologist to treat the problem.
So, it is important to know what each color of vaginal discharge may mean, to understand when it is necessary to seek the doctor or gynecologist. So here are some tips on what each of the major types of vaginal discharge can mean:
White, thick milk-like discharge is usually accompanied by other symptoms such as itching, redness, and burning sensation in the vulva and vagina.
- Cause: can be caused by vaginal candidiasis, an infection in the vagina caused by the fungus Candida albicans. Find out more about the possible causes for white vaginal discharge.
- Treatment: Is usually done with antifungal medication like Fluconazole, which can be taken in pill form or applied to the region as an ointment. See how the treatment is done for vaginal yeast infection by clicking here.
When the white discharge is similar to milk, homogenous and has a fishy smell it can be colpitis or vaginitis caused by protozoa, fungi or bacteria.
Yellow or Yellow-greenish discharge
When the discharge is yellow, greyish or greenish-yellow, with a strong fishy smell may be associated with other symptoms such as pain and burning sensation during intercourse or when urinating. Find out more about yellow vaginal discharge.
- Cause: may be caused by Trichomoniasis, a vaginal infection that is sexually transmitted.
- Treatment: Is usually given with antifungal medication such as Metronidazole, Tinidazole, Secnidazole or Ornidazole, which can be taken as single dose pills or in a 5-7 days of treatment.
In addition, yellow discharge like pus may indicate the presence of Chlamydia, a sexually transmitted disease that causes almost no symptoms. In this case, treatment is done with azithromycin, taken as a single dose or for 7 to 15 days of treatment. When the discharge is greenish, it may be a sign of Trichomoniasis or Vulvovaginitis. See what can cause greenish vaginal discharge.
Brown or bloody discharge
Brown discharge or the presence of blood in the discharge is usually associated with other symptoms such as pain and burning sensation when urinating.
- Cause: it can be caused by Gonorrhea, a sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria. Find out other causes for brown vaginal discharge by clicking here.
- Treatment: Treatment can be done with antibiotic medication such as Azithromycin or Ciprofloxacin taken as a single dose or for 7 to 10 days of treatment.
In addition, in more severe cases this type of discharge may also be signs of vaginal, cervix or endometrium cancer, and so it is important to consult a gynecologist when the symptoms appear.
However, if you have been menstruating recently, brown, bloody or pink discharge is common in the days following the end of menstruation and in these cases is not cause for concern.
Discharge in pregnancy
When there are discharges in pregnancy it is important they be treated as soon as possible, so as to prevent complications and avoid harming the baby.
- Causes: can be caused by diseases such as Trichomoniasis, bacterial vaginosis, Gonorrhea or even Candidiasis for example.
- Treatment: Treatment should be done with medication such as antifungals or antibiotics, for example, prescribed by the doctor.
So during pregnancy as soon as the first symptoms appear it is very important to consult the doctor so that he can diagnose the cause and indicate the most appropriate treatment.
The clear, liquid discharge, similar to the egg white, may indicate that the woman is in her fertile period of the menstrual cycle and so its the ideal time to become pregnant if she is not under the influence of a contraceptive
This type of discharge lasts about 6 days and ends up disappearing naturally after that time.
Pink discharge may indicate the beginning of pregnancy, as it may be caused by fertilization of the ovum and is frequent within 3 days after intimate contact. Along with this type of discharge it is common to have mild abdominal cramps that are normal and end up going away without any treatment.
How to prevent discharges
To prevent infections and vaginal diseases that can cause discharge, it is important to maintain a good daily hygiene 1 to 2 times a day. In order to do so, you should always wash your intimate area with plenty of water and a drop of soap without rubbing in exaggeration. After washing, you should thoroughly dry the intimate region and wear a pair of fresh panties.
So it's important:
- to wear cotton panties;
- not to use panty liners like Carefree for example;
- to avoid the use of wipes or toilet paper with perfume;
- to avoid rubbing the intimate area too much, even with intimate soap.
These care helps prevent vaginal infections and protect the vaginal mucus, thus preventing the development of fungi or bacteria that can cause some types of discharge.