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Symptoms and causes for erectile dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction, also known as sexual impotence, is the inability and difficulty in having or maintaining an erection that allows sexual intercourse. So, it may be considered a problem if men have difficulty in at least 50% of the attempts of having sexual contact, in theses cases usually the erection isn't rigid enough to allow penetration. This type of problem can be treated through the use of medication such as Viagra or Cialis, or the use of herbal teas.

Sexual impotence mostly affects men between the ages of 50 and 80, besides the sexual impairment and the strain it brings to men's intimate life it can also cause psychological problems such as depression, thereby contributing to a decrease in their quality of life.

Symptoms and causes for erectile dysfunction

Main causes

The most common causes for cause erectile dysfunction are:

  • Use of drugs;
  • Alcoholism;
  • Obesity;
  • Excessive use of certain medications such as antihypertensives, antidepressants and antipsychotics, for example;
  • Psychological problems like depression, trauma, fear, dissatisfaction or decreased libido;
  • Chronic diseases, such as renal failure or diabetes. 

Besides the causes mentioned above, another possible cause is smoking, because smoking reduces blood flow to the sexual organ, which in turn may make an erection difficult or not allow one to occur. 


Some of the main symptoms of erectile dysfunction can be:

  • Difficulty getting or maintaining an erection;
  • Less rigid and flaccid erection;
  • Reduction of the sexual organ size;
  • More time to reach an erection;
  • Difficulty in keeping intimate contact in some sexual positions;
  • Increased effort and concentration to maintain an erection;
  • Less hairs on the body;
  • Decreased number of spontaneous erections upon waking;
  • Ejaculates faster than usual;
  • Changes to the genital organ;
  • Peripheral vascular disease that hinders the passage of blood to the lower limbs of the body, such as legs, feet and sexual organ.


To reach the diagnosis of erectile dysfunction, your doctor will take note of all the difficulties experienced during intimate contact, as well as other possible reasons for the problem presented, which can be depression or drug use. The doctor also performs a physical examination to see if there are deformities in the genital organ, prostate diseases, signs of hypogonadism, signs of cardiovascular diseases or neurological problems.

When necessary, your doctor may also ask you to perform laboratory tests to evaluate the levels of lipids, sugars and testosterone in the body, as these values may help to identify what can be causing the problem.


Sexual impotence can be treated in different ways because its treatment depends on its cause. So, some of the treatment options that exist are:

  • Use of medicines like Sildenafil (Viagra), Tadalafil (Cialis) or Vardenafil (Levitra), Apomorphine, Blemelanotide or Alprostadil that help erection.
  • Replacement therapy with hormones in pill form, patches or injections that increase testosterone levels and facilitate testosterone;
  • Use of vacuum constriction devices that promote erection and are especially advised for men who can not follow treatment with medication;
  • Surgery for implantation of penile prostheses is used only as a last resort when all other treatments were not successful.

In addition to the treatments mentioned above, counseling with a psychologist or psychiatrist and couple therapy are also very important as they may help to treat other problems, fears and insecurities that can exist and may be also contributing to the problem. Psychotherapy is also indicated in these cases to help treat stress, anxiety, and depression.

Home remedies are also an excellent choice for those who suffer from erectile dysfunction and can be easily prepared at home with natural ingredients. Here's how to prepare a rosemary, leather hat and Eriotheca candolleana tea or a homemade syrup of honey, Guarana and Ginseng to treat sexual impotence.

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