Some signs, such as uterine pain, yellow vaginal discharge, itching or pain during intercourse may indicate changes in the uterus, such as cervicitis, polyps, or fibroids.
Although, in most cases, these signs only indicate slight problems, such as inflammation of the uterus or ovaries, they can also be a sign of more serious diseases such as cancer. So, whenever any alteration is identified, it is important to go to a gynecologist to identify the cause and start the appropriate treatment, which may include the use of ointments, medication and surgery.
7 Signs of uterus changes
The main signs and symptoms of uterine changes are:
- Constant vaginal discharge, which may be white, yellow, green or brown in color and may have a strong smell.
- Colic and bleeding outside the menstrual period or absence of menstruation;
- Pain and feeling of pressure in the belly, especially in the region that goes from the navel to the pubic area;
- Pain during intimate contact or shortly after intercourse;
- Itching, redness, and swelling in the vagina;
- Increased abdomen volume and sometimes back pain associated;
- Constant urge to urinate;
These signs and symptoms, if not treated properly can lead to infertility or ectopic pregnancy, so it is important to go to the gynecologist if the symptoms do not disappear in 1 week.
What can cause uterine pain
Uterine pain is usually caused by an inflammation in the area and is therefore more frequent during menstruation when the walls of the uterus are changing and you may also feel you have a swollen uterus, for example.
However, pain in the uterus can also be caused by changes that need to be treated, such as bacterial infections or endometriosis, for example. So if the pain arises out of the menstrual period and it takes more than 3 days to improve it is advised to go to a gynecologist.
On the other hand, cases of cervix cancer usually do not present pain, developing without any type of symptom. It is always best to have pap smears frequently done in order to identify the first signs of cancer and start treatment.
5 Common uterine diseases
The seven signs indicated above can be an important warning to prevent the evolution of diseases, such as:
- Cervicitis: which is an inflammation of the cervix caused by microorganisms;
- Adenomyosis: is a disease characterized by the presence of glands and endometrial tissue that increases the size of the uterus;
- Myoma: are benign cell changes in the uterus, which causes the uterus to grow;
- Uterine polyp: is the excessive growth of cells in the inner wall of the uterus, forming cilia-like "balls";
- Cervical cancer: is caused by an infection caused by the HPV virus. Get to know the symptoms in: Sintomas of cervical cancer.
The symptoms of the different uterine diseases are similar and only a gynecologist will be able to treat the disease correctly and therefore one should go to the doctor so that this he can diagnose the problem.
Tests that can help identify the problem
Generally, to diagnose the correct uterine disease, tests must be done. So the doctor will ask for tests to look at the uterus, vagina and vulva, the main tests are:
- Vaginal touch: The doctor inserts two gloved fingers into the woman's vagina and at the same time places the other hand on the abdomen to evaluate the organs of the reproductive system for the diagnosis of endometriosis and pelvic inflammatory disease.
- Specular examination: a speculum is inserted into the vagina to assess the presence of vaginal discharge or bleeding;
- Pap smear test: also known as oncotic cytology, is an examination used to detect the presence of uterine cancer by inserting a speculum into the vagina and gently scraping the surface of the cervix to obtain cells for analysis. See how the test is done in: How is the pap test done.
In addition to these tests, your doctor may recommend doing an ultrasound or an MRI, as described by the woman's symptoms. More invasive tests should only be done after sexual behavior has been initiated.
Changes in the uterus during pregnancy
During pregnancy there may be problems in the womb or just in the vagina and the symptoms are common to the woman who is not pregnant.
However, the treatment may be different since pregnant woman can not take all kinds of medication. In this way, it is important to go to the doctor as soon as the first symptoms appear, such as yellow vaginal discharge or pain when urinating.