Ringworm of the scalp and body, also known scientifically as Tinea, is a skin disease caused by fungi, which causes small vesicles of clear fluid to appear, which become dry and turn yellow or reddish over time.
Generally, this disease is more common in children and the elderly, but it can happen at any age due to lack of hygiene or excessive sweating, for example. The areas of the body most affected are usually the trunk, groin, face and arms, but the vesicles can arise anywhere.
Ringworm is a very contagious disease, especially if someone comes in contact with the wound of an infected person or with objects they have had. And therefore, during the treatment it is advised to avoid sharing of personal objects like towels, clothes or sheets.
The main symptoms of ringworm of the scalp and body are:
- Itchy skin;
- Red spots with edges that increase;
- Skin that peels
- Small blisters on the skin.
When these symptoms appear, it is recommended you see a dermatologist so he can identify the problem and so you can initiate the appropriate treatment.
Treatment for ringworm should always be prescribed by a dermatologist. The treatment consists in applying ointments or creams if it is a mild case or oral antifungal medication for up to 30 days in more severe cases.
Some examples of ointments to treat ringworm are Clotrimazole or Miconazole, for example. See more about the medication used to treat tinea skin mycosis.
During the treatment, it is important you maintain good personal hygiene, keeping all regions well washed and dry, avoid sharing objects and avoid scratching the wounds, as it may increase the risk of transmission of the disease.
What can cause ringworm
Ringworm occurs when there is excessive development of fungi on the skin and this usually occurs in hot and humid regions. So, ringworm is more frequent when:
- The skin stays wet for a long time;
- Inadequate hygiene;
- The skin is not properly dried after bathing, especially in the skin folds.
Ringworm can also be caught by coming into direct contact with the skin of an infected person or animal.