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What is ovulation, when it happens and how to calculate

Ovulation is the moment in which an egg is released by the ovary and reaches the fallopian tubes, being ready to be fertilized by the sperm and start a pregnancy.

Ovulation occurs during your most fertile day, which is usually in the middle of your menstrual cycle, in all healthy women.

If the egg is penetrated by a spermatozoid, fertilization occurs and this marks the beginning of a pregnancy, but if the egg is not fertilized, a few days later your menstruation will begin, starting a new menstrual cycle.

What is ovulation, when it happens and how to calculate

How to know when you are ovulating

Ovulation occurs within your fertile days, which usually occurs on the 14th day, after the onset of your period, in a 28-day cycle. Ovulation generates some characteristic symptoms which include:

  • Transparent vaginal secretion, viscous and similar to egg white, which facilitates the arrival of the spermatozoa to the mature ovum;
  • Small increase in body temperature, caused by the release of progesterone;
  • Increased libido and appetite, also caused by progesterone,
  • There may be pelvic pain, as if it were a colic.

Ovulation occurs on one day, which corresponds to your most fertile day, and the mature ovum survives for up to 24 hours. The sperm can survive for up to 3 days, so if there is unprotected intimate contact early in your fertile period, the sperm may fertilize the egg as soon as it becomes mature, initiating the pregnancy.

Women who take birth control do not ovulate and therefore can not become pregnant.

Ovulation and your fertile period happen at the same time. When your body is prepared for conception of a baby. Some signs and symptoms such as increased secretions, body temperature, sexual desire, appetite and emotional fragility are present and are usually signs that the woman's fertile time is beginning.

Calculate your fertile days

Put in your data in the following calculator, to see the best days to get pregnant:

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Ovulation and your fertile days are the same thing?

Ovulation and fertile period are almost the same, given that ovulation occurs during the woman's fertile period, when there is a greater chance of becoming pregnant. Without ovulation there is no fertile period and you can not get pregnant.

Ovulation occurs when the ovum matures inside the ovary, and then is directed to the fallopian tubes, where it awaits the arrival of spermatozoa. If the couple has unprotected intercourse without the use of any contraceptive method, there may be fertilization. The fertilized egg will then travel to the uterus and implant itself in the wall and pregnancy begins. All this occurs your fertile period.

If you have regular cycles of 28 days, ovulation occurs approximately 14 days after the 1st day of your last menstrual cycle, and can happen three days before or three days after the 14th day, which is the so-called fertile period. Usually a woman ovulates over these days, but ovulations can also occur outside of that predicted period, according to hormone, stress and anxiety levels.

Best time to get pregnant

The best time to get pregnant is between days 11 and 16 days after the first day of your last period. It is necessary to calculate your fertile period, to be alert to its symptoms and to have intimate contact without any contraceptive method, preferably at the beginning of your fertile days, because the eggs survive an average of 12 to 48 hours, however the sperm survive for longer .

Therefore, if a woman has sexual intercourse throughout her fertile period on alternate days, she is more likely to become pregnant, since sperm may still be alive at the time of ovulation.

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