Remedies for the common flu, such as Genexa, Theraflu and Sinutab, are used to reduce the symptoms of flu, such as head, throat, coryza or cough, for example.
However, there are medicines that are bought at a pharmacy and can be used according to the symptoms that the person presents, they are:
- Anti-inflammatory drugs: to decrease throat inflammation such as ibuprofen, aspirin or diclofenac;
- Analgesic and antipyretic medicines: to decrease pain in the body, sore throat, head or ears like Paracetamol;
- Antiallergic medicines: to decrease allergic cough, sneezing and runny nose, such as Loratadine, Desloratadine or Fexofenadine;
- Antitussive medicines: to treat dry cough such as Zonatuss, DayQuil Cough or Robitussin Honey Cough;
- Expectorant Remedies: to help release secretions such as Scot-Tussin, Nalex or Mucosolvan.
In addition, your doctor may prescribe Tamiflu to prevent or fight against influenza in adults and children over 1 year, decreasing their symptoms. This medicine is not a substitute for the flu vaccine.
Flu remedies should always be used under medical supervision and therefore, when an individual has flu-like symptoms such as a cough and runny nose, he or she should consult with a general practitioner to begin appropriate treatment. See more about the flu symptoms in: What are flu symptoms and how to treat them.
Generally, the doctor indicates the use of several drugs simultaneously, such as an antipyretic and an expectorant, for example, and the use of drugs is usually done for at least 5 days, which is when the symptoms decrease.
In addition to using drugs to treat the flu, it is important to rest, avoiding cold places, smoke or differences in temperature, drink 2 liters of water a day and clean your nose with saline solution. See more about the treatment in: Home remedies for treating influenza and a cold.
Home remedy to treat the flu
To treat the flu without taking medicines bought at the pharmacy you can take a tea of lemon, echinacea, linden or elderberry, because these plants have properties that help the body to cure the disease. Learn more in: Natural flu remedies.
In addition, you can also drink orange juice, acerola and pineapple, as they are rich in vitamin C, which is very important to strengthen the immune system.
Flu remedies during pregnancy
During pregnancy it is important to avoid the use of medicines purchased at the pharmacy because they can cause growth and development delay of the baby and therefore, when the pregnant woman has symptoms of influenza, she should go to the doctor to cure the disease as soon as possible.
Generally, painkillers based on paracetamol and vitamin C are the only remedies that the pregnant woman can take to cure the flu, as well as rest, maintaining a good diet and drinking lots of fluids.
Also, when the woman is breastfeeding she should also avoid using these remedies as they can pass to the baby through the milk and so before you should go to the doctor to know what the most appropriate treatment is.