Omeprazole is a remedy indicated for gastritis and gastric ulcer because it reduces the acidity of the stomach but can also be used to protect the stomachs mucus when taking anti-inflammatory drugs for more than 3 days.
This medication should be taken in the morning, straight after waking up or following medical guidance, so that it has the desired effect, which is fighting stomach pain.
Omeprazole is the active ingredient in some drugs that can be found commercially under the names Losec, Prazol, Prilosec and others. The price of a 28 capsule box of Omeprazole is approximately 12,99 pounds.
When can it be used
Omeprazole acts by reducing acid production in the stomach by inhibiting the proton pump and is indicated for the treatment of:
- Ulcers in the stomach and intestine;
- Reflux esophagitis;
- Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, which is characterized by excess acid production in the stomach;
- Maintenance for patients with healed reflux esophagitis;
- People who are at risk for aspirating gastric contents during general anesthesia;
- Eradication of H. pylori bacteria associated with ulcers in the stomach;
- Erosions or gastric and duodenal ulcers, as well as their prevention, associated with the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
- Indigestion associated with gastric acidity, such as heartburn, nausea or stomach pain.
In addition, omeprazole may also be used to prevent relapse in patients with duodenal or gastric ulcers. See how to identify a stomach ulcer.
How to take it
The dosage of this medication depends on the problem you need to treat:
1. Gastric and duodenal ulcer
The recommended dose for treating a gastric ulcer is about 20 mg once a day, and healing occurs in about 4 weeks in most cases. Otherwise, it is recommended you continue the treatment for another 4 weeks. In patients with poorly responsive gastric ulcer, the daily recommended dose is 40 mg for a period of 8 weeks.
If you have an active duodenal ulcer it is recommended you take 20 mg once a day, and healing occurs within 2 weeks in most cases. Otherwise, an additional 2 weeks is recommended. In patients with poorly responsive duodenal ulcer, a daily dose of 40 mg is recommended for a period of 4 weeks.
To prevent relapse in patients who are not responsive to gastric ulcer, administration of 20 mg to 40 mg once a day is recommended. To prevent the of recurrence of a duodenal ulcer, the recommended dose is 10 mg once a day and may be increased to 20-40 mg once a day if necessary.
2. Reflux esophagitis
The usual dose is 20 mg orally once a day for 4 weeks, and in some cases an additional 4 weeks may be required. In patients with severe reflux esophagitis the daily recommended dose is 40 mg for a period of 8 weeks.
When you have to do a maintenance treatment because of your healed reflux esophagitis, the recommended dose is 10 mg once a day and may be increased to 20 to 40 mg once a day if necessary.
3. Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
The recommended starting dose is 60 mg once a day, which should be adjusted by the physician, depending on the patient's clinical course. Doses above 80 mg a day should be divided into two intakes.
4. Aspiration prophylaxis
The recommended dose for people who are at risk of aspiration of gastric contents during general anesthesia is 40 mg the night before surgery, followed by 40 mg the morning of the day of surgery.
5. Eradication of H. pylori associated with peptic ulcer
The recommended dose is 20 mg to 40 mg once a day, taken with antibiotics, the duration of the treatment depends on the doctor. Learn more about the treatment for an infection caused by Helicobacter pylori.
6. Erosions and ulcers associated with the use of NSAIDs
The recommended dose is 20 mg once a day for 4 weeks in most cases. If this period is not enough, an additional period of 4 weeks is recommended within which healing usually occurs.
7. Poor digestion associated with gastric acidity
For the relief of symptoms such as pain or epigastric discomfort, the recommended dose is 10 mg to 20 mg once a day. If the symptoms are not controlled after 4 weeks of treatment with a dose of 20 mg daily, it is recommended your doctor do a new evaluation.
8. Severe reflux esophagitis in children
In children from 1 year of age, the recommended dosage for children weighing 10 to 20 kg is 10 mg once daily. For children weighing more than 20 kg, the recommended dose is 20 mg once a day. If necessary, the dose may be increased to 20 mg and 40 mg, respectively.
Who shouldn't take omeprazole
Omeprazole should not be used in people who are hypersensitive to this active substance or any component of the formula, or who have severe liver problems.
In addition, it should also not be used in pregnant women, infants or children under the age of 1.
Possible side effects
The most common side effects that can occur during treatment with omeprazole are headaches, abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, gas formation in the stomach or intestine, nausea and vomiting.