The main remedies prescribed to treat skin, nails, scalp, feet and groin mycosis include antifungals in ointments, creams, lotions and sprays, although in some cases it is necessary to use pills. There are several options, and some of the most commonly used ones include Terbinafine, Fluconazole, Clotrimazole, Miconazole or Itraconazole, for example.
The treatment is guided by a doctor according to the type of mycosis and the severity of the lesions formed, and it usually lasts about 1 to 4 weeks. However, it can last for months in cases of scalp or nail mycosis for example.
The most common types of mycosis that affect people are known as tinea, nail mycosis, chilblains, candidiasis, white cloth and groin mycosis, for example, and all are caused by fungi that live in the environment and can cause lesions to the skin when they manage to get pass the protection barriers of the organism.
1. Skin mycosis
The most common types of skin mycosis are treated with topical antifungal medication, whether it is localized in the groin, candidiasis, white cloth or Tinea, and some of the main options that can be indicated by doctors are:
- Naftifine (1% cream or gel)
- Terbinafine (1% cream or solution)
- Butenafine (1% cream)
- Clotrimazole (1% cream, solution or lotion)
- Econazole (1% cream)
- Ketoconazole (1% cream, shampoo)
- Miconazole (2% cream, spray, lotion or powder)
- Oxiconazole (1% cream or lotion)
- Sulconazole (1% cream or lotion)
- Ciclopirox (1% cream or lotion)
- Tolnaftate (1% cream, solution or powder).
Usually, the treatment lasts from 1 to 4 weeks. The medication used and the time of treatment are determined by your doctor, according to the type of injury presented by each person.
It is important to pass the medicine about 3 to 4 centimeters past the edges of the mycosis and after application it is important to let the skin absorb all the product before dressing yourself or putting on your shoes.
In some cases, especially when the lesions are severe or occupy a large area, it may be necessary to use the medicines in pill form, such as Terbinafine 250mg or Fluconazole 150mg, for example.
2. Beard or scalp mycosis
In these cases, the use of ointments is not enough to treat the mycosis adequately, so in addition to ointments, creams or lotions used in skin mycosis, the doctor will also indicate the use of pills.
Some of the most indicated pill options include Terbinafine 250mg, Fluconazole 150mg or Itraconazole 100mg, for example, for about 90 days.
3. Nail mycosis
The treatment for nail mycosis is the most prolonged, and can last from 6 months to 1 year, especially in cases of toenail mycosis, which grow more slowly. The main form of treatment is with the use of enamels and lotions, with a amorolfine base, which can be applied to the affected nail 1 to 2 times a week.
For effective treatment, especially when nail impairment is more severe, your doctor may recommend pills such as Fluconazole 150 mg or Itraconazole 100 mg for 6 months to 1 year, depending on the severity of the lesion or your response to treatment.
Another more convenient option is laser treatment, called photodynamic therapy, performed in weekly sessions for 1 to 3 months, which is able to eliminate the fungus and promote nail growth.
The use of home remedies may be useful to complement the clinical treatment of mycosis, but these home remedies should not be used exclusively to treat any form of ringworm.
In addition, some habits are recommended that may help fight mycosis and facilitate recovery, such as:
- Keeping the region clean and dry;
- Avoid wet or damp clothing or shoes;
- Do not share pieces of clothing or shoes;
- Avoid walking barefoot in public places, especially those with higher humidity, such as saunas and restrooms.
In addition, it is important to verify if the animals of the house present lesions that may suggest mycosis, because they also can also transmit the fungi, which can cause new infections in the future.