Spotting or blemishes on the baby's skin is very common in the first year of life because the baby's skin is very sensitive and reacts to any kind of substance, from the sun's rays to bacteria, for example. Generally, they are not serious and their treatment can easily be done with creams and ointments indicated by their pediatrician.
Birthmarks usually do not need treatment and do not cause complications, but should be observed by the pediatrician to ensure they are not a sign of a skin problem.
Common causes of blemishes on baby's skin
Baby spots can be easily identified through their characteristics, shape or moment they appear, however, it is always recommended you see your pediatrician before starting any type of treatment.
Rashes are very common in the region where the babies skin is in contact with the diaper, and it manifests with red patches on the buttock and genital area of the baby due to the contact with stools and urine and the skin, being very common on summer days and when the baby spends a lot of time with the same diaper.
What to do: Keep the buttocks and genital area clean and dry, changing diapers when they are dirty, and applying a rash cream, such as Hypoglossus, to protect the skin against the acidity of stools and urine.
2. Neonatal acne
Neonatal acne can occur up to 6 months after birth, however, it is more common in the first 3 weeks, producing small red or white spots on the skin of the baby's face, forehead or back.
What to do: Neonatal acne treatment is not necessary and it is only recommended you wash the affected area with water and neutral pH soap suitable for the baby's skin. In cases where the pimples do not disappear after 6 months, the pediatrician should be consulted again to evaluate the need to start treatment with acne products.
Intertrigo is a red spot on the baby's skin that appears in the fold region, such as in the legs and neck, especially in infants under 6 months of age. Usually, intertrigo does not bother the baby, but it can cause pain when it is too big.
What to do: Wash and dry the skin area well under the folds of the skin and pass an ointment with vitamin A or zinc, such as Hypoglossus, under medical supervision.
Seborrhea may appear as red spots on the eyebrows or scalp, as well as cause a thick, yellowish layer on the baby's head, similar to dandruff.
What to do: Wash their hair with water and neutral pH shampoo suitable for babies and, after bathing, combing with a soft bristled brush to remove the cones. Another option is to apply warm oil before the bath to facilitate the drawing of the cones with the brush or comb.
Chickenpox, is a very common disease in infants and children and so tiny patches appear on the skin that cause a lot of itching, making the baby cry and become easily irritated.
What to do: It is recommended to consult your pediatrician before starting treatment, as it may be necessary to use antiallergic ointments, such as Polaramine, to reduce symptoms and treat red spots.
6. Heat rash
Heat rash, is also called prickly heat and the blisters is the appearance of small red or white polka dots on the skin due to excess heat and therefore are frequent after being inside a hot car or when the baby is wearing too much clothing. Dots may appear anywhere on the body, especially in the neck, back, and in the folds of the arms and knees.
What to do: Wear clothing appropriate for the season, avoiding very hot clothes indoors and other warm environments. In addition, prolonged sun exposure should also be avoided, even during trips in the car.
7. Milia on the face
Milia are small cysts or small white bumps that arise on the nose or near the baby's eyes. They are small and benign, and there is no need for specific treatment. They arise especially in the summer, or when the newborn gets a fever.
What to do: There is no need for specific treatment, but to avoid getting worse and turning into balls filled with liquid, you can put an ice pack, because it decreases perspiration, reducing the risk of the milia being full of sweat, which can not be eliminated.
In addition to the indicated care, parents should take the baby regularly to the pediatrician to assess the progression of blemishes and adjust the treatment if necessary.