Medication for nausea and vomiting has the main function of controlling their intensity and frequency and therefore most of these drugs act in the region of the brain that controls vomit, controlling gastric emptying and reducing the sensation of nausea.
These medications should only be taken if they are prescribed by the doctor, and it is recommended you ingest them about 15 to 30 minutes before meals, to facilitate digestion and to control gastric emptying.
Vomiting is the forced elimination of stomach contents, which can be caused by ingestion or swallowing of an irritant or toxic substance or spoiled food, for example. Often associated with vomiting, a person may also have diarrhea, but treatment is different.
There are some medications that can be used both to prevent motion sickness on a trip and to lessen the sensation when it is already present:
1. Medication to avoid motion sickness
The medication that can be used before a trip to avoid the onset of motion sickness are antihistamines, such as dimenhydrin or promethazine, which are a group of drugs that block H1 receptors in the brain, these are responsible for the body's nausea response.
2. Remedies to relieve motion sickness
Some examples of medications that can be used to relieve nausea when it is already present are:
- Metoclopramide and Domperidone: increase the rate of emptying of the stomach and, in this way, are effective in reducing the feeling of nausea;
- Prochlorperazine: is one of the most commonly used drugs to treat persistent nausea. Even in when the nausea is caused by chemotherapy or treatment with opioids;
- Ondansetron is a substance also used to treat cases of nausea caused by chemotherapy and works by inhibiting serotonin in the brain and intestine.
These medications can be found in the form of tablets, adhesives, suppositories and even injection. However, it is always necessary to consult a doctor before using them.
Normally, this type of medication should not be used for more than 1 week, due to the side effects that they can cause, unless it is recommended by your doctor.
Medication for infant vomiting
The medication for infantile vomiting should only be taken if the child is vomiting intensely and if a pediatrician prescribes a specific medication.
If your child is vomiting it is important to drink plenty of fluids such as tea, water or coconut water so that they maintain the body properly hydrated. You can also take homemade saline solution or oral rehydration salts that are purchased at the pharmacy to fight dehydration.
If you have nausea or are vomiting it is important to follow a specific diet for some time, avoiding large foods, preferring rice chips, rice cooked with carrots, white meats such as turkey and chicken or cooked fish.
Medication for vomiting in pregnant women
Medication for vomiting in pregnancy should be avoided because they may jeopardize the baby's development but may be prescribed by a obstetrician. Usually a few steps are taken to help reduce this problem such as:
- Avoid large meals;
- Do not lie down immediately after eating;
- Avoid spicy and greasy foods;
- Avoid intense odors, cigarette smoke or coffee.
Treatment of vomiting may involve taking vitamin supplements, good hydration and replacement of electrolytes.