A yeast infection, also known as Candidiasis is a fungal infection caused by the genus Candida, usually treated with antifungal medication which can be used in the form of cream, vaginal tablets or pills, upon medical advice. When you have symptoms such as severe itching, redness or whitish discharge, you likely have a genital yeast infection, but only your doctor can confirm this diagnosis.
Here are some of the medications that may be prescribed by your doctor for treating yeast infections:
Ointment e vaginal cream
|Miconazole||Ointment, vaginal tablets e oral gel|
|Terconazole||Cream and vaginal tablets|
|Nystatin||Cream, vaginal ointments, oral suspension|
|Ketoconazole||Cream and pills|
The dosage of these medication will depend on the region affected and the extent of the yeast infection. Although these infections are more frequent in the genital region, they may appear in the mouth and other regions of the skin.
Difference between yeast infection drugs for men and women
If it is a vaginal infection, the creams used should come with an applicator to help you apply internally to the vagina. Alternatively there are also vaginal tablets, which should be applied as deeply as possible in the vagina at night before bedtime. In the case of a genital infection in men, also known as balanitis, applicators are not necessary because these products are applied superficially to the penis.
Generally, vaginal creams are applied at night, once a day, inside the vagina. In men, the cream should be applied all over the penis, two to three times a day, after performing intimate hygiene.
Oral yeast infection pills are the same for both sexes and are generally used in more severe cases because they are more effective because they act systemically. However, they are likely to cause more side effects than topical antifungals. The doctor usually prescribes fluconazole as a single dose and may, in some situations, to reduce the incidence of recurrent vaginal yeast infections, recommend one fluconazole pill per month.
Yeast infection medication during pregnancy
To complement the treatment prescribed for the yeast infection, the patients should maintain good body hygiene, wear loose cotton clothing and avoid eating fatty or high sugar foods.
Medications that are considered safer in pregnancy are topical clotrimazole and nystatin, however, should only be used if recommended by your doctor. Pregnant women should avoid the use of applicators that may damage the cervix or use them with caution. Alternatively, they may use vaginal tablets, antifungals or vaginal tablet without applicator.
To complement treatment with medication, you should maintain good body hygiene, wear loose cotton clothing, and avoid consuming high-fat or high-sugar foods.
Cautions during treatment
Some precautions in the treatment and prevention of yeast infections include:
- Maintain a good body, genital and oral hygiene;
- Avoid intimate contact without a condom;
- Wear loose cotton clothing;
- Avoid unnecessary use of medication, especially antibiotics;
- Drink plenty of fluids;
- Give preference to vegetables, fruits and legumes;
- Avoid consumption of alcohol, sugar and fatty foods.