Generally, stomach pain is caused because the gastric content is too acidic, there is too much gas, gastritis is present or by eating contaminated food, which in addition to pain, can also cause vomiting and diarrhea. Ideally, stomach pain should be evaluated by a gastroenterologist so that the most appropriate treatment is indicated.
Medications commonly prescribed by your doctor are acid reflux medication, such as omeprazole, or esomeprazole, antacids such as aluminum or magnesium hydroxide, or medicines that accelerate gastric emptying, such as domperidone.
Antacid remedies work by neutralizing stomach acid, which is produced to aid in the digestion of food. By neutralizing the acid, these drugs cause the stomach to be less "assaulted" by the acid and so the pain and burning sensation decrease.
These medicines usually contain aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, calcium carbonate or sodium bicarbonate. Some examples of antacid remedies are Alka-Seltzer, Pepto-Bismol or Maalox, for example.
2. Inhibitors of acid production
Acid-inhibiting drugs work by decreasing the amount of hydrochloric acid that is produced in the stomach, reducing pain and the lesions it causes in ulcers, for example. Some examples of this type of medicine are omeprazole, esomeprazole, lansoprazole or pantoprazole.
3. Gastric emptying accelerators
Stomach-relieving medication work by accelerating intestinal transit, making food stay less time in the stomach. Drugs that accelerate emptying of the stomach are also used to treat reflux and vomiting, and some examples are domperidone, metoclopramide, or cisapride.
4. Gastric shields
Gastric protective drugs form a mucus that protect the stomach, preventing the burning sensation and pain that occurs due to poor digestion.
The organism has a mechanism in which it produces a protective mucus in the stomach, preventing the acid from attacking it. However, in some cases, the production of this mucus may decrease, leading to aggression of the walls of the stomach. The gastric shields that can be used to replace this mucus are sucralfate and bismuth salts that improve the defense mechanisms of the stomach and form a protective barrier.
These medicines should not be used without a doctor's appointment or follow-up. In addition, there are more specific cases where other medications may be prescribed. Find out which are the most common causes for stomach pain.
Home remedies for stomach pain
Stomach pain can also be alleviated with home remedies, which are a great option as a complement to the treatment prescribed by your doctor. Some examples of home remedies for stomach pain are Espinheira-Santa, Brazilian peppertree, lettuce, dandelion or mugwort tea.
These teas should be taken 3 to 4 times a day, preferably straight after waking and between meals. See how to prepare these teas.
In addition, you should reduce stress, avoid eating sweets, fats and fried foods and also soft drinks and alcohol, as well as avoiding cigarettes.