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3 types of medication to treat gastritis

The treatment for gastritis should be established by a gastroenterologist since it depends on the cause that is in its origin, and can be carried out with different medication, like inhibitors of acid production, antacids or even antibiotics, if the gastritis is caused by an infection.

In some cases, gastritis can be caused by poor eating habits such as excessive use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, poor diet or alcoholism, and in these cases changing these habits can solve the problem without the need for medication. Learn how to identify the symptoms of gastritis.

3 types of medication to treat gastritis

1. Inhibitors of acid production

Inhibitors of acid production are medication that can reduce the production of acid in the stomach, reducing symptoms such as pain, burning sensation or heartburn, characteristic of gastritis.

These drugs may act by two different mechanisms, through inhibition of the proton pump, examples being omeprazole, esomeprazole, lansoprazole or pantoprazole, or by blocking the action of histamine, such as ranitidine, famotidine or cimetidine, for example .

Some of the most common side effects that may occur during treatment with these medications are headache, diarrhea, rashes, abdominal pain, excess intestinal gas, nausea and constipation, drowsiness, tiredness and muscle pain.

2. Antacids

Antacids act by neutralizing the acidity of the stomach and although they provide immediate relief, they are not as effective as acid production inhibitors. Some examples of antacids are aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide and sodium bicarbonate.

Some of the most common side effects that may occur while using antacids are constipation or diarrhea, depending on the medication prescribed by your doctor.

3. Antibiotics

Most gastritis result from an infection caused by Helicobacter pylori, which is a bacteria that resists the acidity of the stomach. In these cases, the doctor may recommend a combination of antibiotics such as clarithromycin associated with amoxicillin or metronidazole for 7 to 14 days.

Some of the most common side effects that may occur during treatment with these antibiotics are diarrhea, vomiting, poor digestion, nausea, abdominal pain, skin reactions, headache, taste disorders and insomnia.

In addition to these remedies, it is also important to take extra care during bouts of gastritis, such as avoiding too much fatty or sweet foods. Learn other diet tips for gastritis.

When to take medications for chronic gastritis

Chronic gastritis remedies are usually indicated by a gastroenterologist in the case of gastric ulcer or H. pylori infection and therefore may include several treatment options, such as a fasting gastric shield, an antacid whenever symptoms worsen during the day or an antibiotic at certain times, for example.

When to take medication for acute gastritis

Cases of acute gastritis, are a sudden onset of gastritis and should be evaluated by a gastroenterologist to assess the cause and initiate appropriate treatment. However, to relieve the symptoms until the appointment one can take antacid medication whenever the pain or the burning gets worse.

Natural remedy for gastritis

A great natural remedy for gastritis is papaya vitamin because this fruit has properties that aid in digestion and decrease the acidity of the stomach, improving the symptoms.


  • 1 papaya
  • 3 glasses of soy milk
  • 1 banana

Preparation method

Put the ingredients in the blender and beat the tea to obtain a homogeneous blend. This drink should be ingested whenever the burning stomach sensation occurs, especially after meals.

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