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Medication and remedies for vaginal discharge

Each type of vaginal discharge may indicate a different cause, ranging from the physiological secretion of women to more severe inflammations. However, most of the time the discharge indicates the presence of a vaginal infection. Therefore, treatment is usually done with antibiotic or antifungal medication, such as Metronidazole, Clindamycin, Miconazole or Fluconazole, for example in cream, ointment or pill.

These remedies should be indicated by a gynecologist, and if the woman notices that there is a vaginal discharge, she should make an appointment to identify which is the microorganism that is causing this symptom and indicate the most appropriate remedy.

The discharge is the increase of vaginal flow, which can arise with different characteristics, such as transparent, white, yellow, green or brown colorations, besides having more fluid or pasty consistencies, having varied odors and being accompanied by other symptoms such as itching and pain. Understand better what each color of vaginal discharge means.

In general, vaginal discharge are common and should be treated in the following way:

Type of vaginal dischargeMedication

Yellow vaginal discharge, with a foul smell similar to rotten fish, burning sensation while urinating and the smell intensifies after intimate contact.

  • Probable causeBacterial vaginosis.

Metronidazole 500 mg 12 / 12h oral use, for 7 consecutive days;

Metronidazole gel 0.75%, intra-vaginal use, for 5 nights;

Clindamycin cream 2% intra-vaginal use, for 7 nights.

White vaginal discharge, similar to milk curd, with or without odor, intense itching and burning when urinating.

  • Probable cause: Candidiasis.

Clotrimazole cream 2%, intra-vaginal use for 7-14 nights;

Nystatin cream, intra-vaginal use for 14 nights;

Fluconazole 150 mg oral use, single dose.

Greyish vaginal discharge, abundant, foamy, smelly, or greenish-yellow in color.

  • Probable cause: Trichomoniasis.

Metronidazole 2 g oral use, single dose;

Tinidazole 2 g oral use, single dose;

Secnidazole 2 g oral use, single dose. 

Yellow-greenish vaginal discharge with a bad smell, bleeding and burning while urinating and in intimate contact.

  • Probable cause: Gonorrhea

Ciprofloxacin 500 mg oral use in a single dose;

Ceftriaxone 1 g, intramuscular use, single dose.

These medications can only be prescribed by a doctor, and are only sold at the pharmacy with the respective prescription. It is important for the woman to describe her symptoms and to be examined by the gynecologist to make the diagnosis. Most often, the doctor is able to identify the agent that caused the discharge only by the symptoms, but to confirm the diagnosis, he may ask for a more specific exams.

It is important to remember that treatment may vary in pregnancy, since some medications are not indicated in this period. See the main causes and treatments for vaginal discharge during pregnancy.

Medication and remedies for vaginal discharge

Home remedies options

Home remedies should not replace your doctor's advice. However, home remedies can be used in conjunction with medication to speed healing and decrease symptoms, as well as being a good option in preventing infections.

Some options include:

  • Make a seat bath with guava leaf tea, twice a day, which is useful for fighting trichomoniasis and candidiasis discharge;
  • Wash the intimate region with sweet-berry tea and guava, drying with a clean, soft cloth for 1 week;
  • Invest in a natural diet, based on fruits, vegetables and greens, avoiding to the maximum the consumption of industrialized foods.

See other recipes and how you can treat vaginal discharge at home.

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