The initial symptoms of Ebola appear about 21 days after exposure to the virus and the main symptoms are fever, headache, general malaise and tiredness, and can be easily mistaken for a flu or cold. However, as the virus multiplies, other signs and symptoms of the disease appear, such as:
- Sore throat;
- Persistent cough;
- Frequent vomiting, which may contain blood;
- Frequent diarrhea, which may contain blood;
- Bleeding in the eyes, nose, gums, ear and imitate parts.
- Blood spots and blisters on the skin at various body locations.
Ebola infection should be suspected when you have recently been in Africa or in contact with others who have been on this continent. In these cases you should be hospitalized and kept under observation for blood tests to confirm if you are infected with the Ebola virus.
Ebola is a highly contagious disease that is transmitted by contact with blood, urine, feces, vomit, semen and vaginal fluids of infected persons, contaminated objects such as clothing of the infected person, and by consumption, manipulation or contact with sick animal fluids. Transmission only happens when the symptoms manifest themselves, during the incubation period the virus cannot be transmitted.
How is the diagnosis reached
The diagnosis of Ebola is difficult because the initial symptoms of the disease are nonspecific, so it is important that the diagnosis is based on the results of laboratory tests. The diagnosis is said to be positive when tests with different methodologies indicate the presence of the Ebola virus in the body.
Therefore, the diagnosis of Ebola is made based on signs and symptoms and exposure to the virus at least 21 days before the onset of symptoms. It is important that immediately after the onset of the initial symptomatology or completion of the diagnosis, you are referred for isolation in the hospital so that appropriate treatment can be started and transmission to others can be prevented.
Ebola How to treat Ebola
The treatment of Ebola should be done in hospital isolation and consists of relieving the patient's symptoms through the use of medication for fever, vomiting and pain until the patient's body is able to eliminate the virus. In addition, it is also important to monitor blood pressure and oxygen levels to prevent possible brain damage.
Although it is a serious disease with a high mortality rate, there are patients who have been infected with Ebola and become cured and develop immunity to the virus. However, it is not yet known exactly how this happens, but studies are being done to find the cure for Ebola.