What are intestinal gases:
Intestinal gases are called scientifically flatulence, and are produced by bacteria that ferment food during digestion.
The gases are involuntary, being produced naturally by the body, and, most of the time, does not smell very badly. However, when you eat very fast, make use of antibiotics or has a diet rich in protein, especially with regular consumption of pork, there is greater production and higher concentration of gases, that can smell very badly.
Main causes of gases
The formation of gases is greatly influenced by your habits and lifestyle. Therefore, the main causes of intestinal gas are:
1. Swallowing air during meals
When you eat very fast, due to stress or anxiety, for example, there may be air in the body, which may cause the formation of gas, this condition is called intestinal meteorism or tympanites. In addition, swallowing air during meals can make your belly swollen and promotes belching.
2. Eat foods that are easily digested
Some foods, mainly carbohydrates, proteins and fats, take longer to be digested, which can increase the fermentation in the intestine, causing the formation of gases. The main foods responsible for excess intestinal gas are:
- Cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, corn, milk;
- Chickpeas, peas, lentils, potatoes;
- Beans, sweet potatoes, yogurt, eggs, wheat bran;
- Drinks with gas, black beer, onions, asparagus.
Combining high-fiber foods with high-fat foods also help to build up gases, so avoid eating wholegrain bread with cheddar cheese, for example.
However, if a certain food causes gas in a person it may not cause the same in another, and therefore, if you notice the appearance of gases, try to find out which food has caused it, so you can avoid it. See what type of diet to follow to decrease the production of gas.
3. Taking antacids or antibiotics
The use of antacids and antibiotics can alter intestinal flora and, therefore, the fermentation process of microorganisms. In this way, a greater production of intestinal gases occurs.
4. Not doing any physical activity
The lack of physical activity may cause the digestion process to slow down, increasing the fermentation of food. In addition, sedentary people tend to have constipation, which also favors the formation of intestinal gas due to the stools remaining longer in the intestine.
5. Drinks with gas
They make it easier to swallow more air, so eliminating fizzy drinks can greatly improve your need to belch and eliminate gas.
As stool stays longer in the intestine they can increase fermentation and make it difficult for gas to be released, so it is recommended to end constipation you should make changes to your diet.
The main symptoms of intestinal gas are:
- Abdominal distension, swollen or puffed belly;
- General malaise;
- Abdominal pain in the form of stitches;
If these symptoms are causing great discomfort, what you can do is drink a tea for gases or take medication to treat gas that you can buy at the pharmacy, even without a prescription.
Medication for intestinal gas
Some good options of medication for intestinal gas are:
- Dimethicone (Luftal);
- Activated charcoal;
- Fennel tea with lemon balm;
- Star anise tea with cinnamon stick.
In addition, a great natural remedy for stopping intestinal gas is to practice exercise on a regular basis, such as cycling or walking for 30 to 40 minutes daily. See how to prepare home remedies for intestinal gases.
Intestinal gases during pregnancy
The formation of intestinal gases is somewhat greater in pregnancy and this is also due to the digestion process being slower that occurs at this stage as a consequence of the increase in progesterone in the bloodstream.
The most common symptoms of gas in pregnancy are:
- Abdominal pain in the form of a stitch;
- Noises in the belly;
- Abdominal distension;
- Feeling of a full stomach.
In addition, constipation, also common in pregnancy, can aggravate the situation.
To avoid excess gas during gestation, it is important to avoid foods that cause gas, drink plenty of water and practice some form of physical exercise such as walking daily. See how to eliminate flatuency.