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How to know if you are pregnant

Although chances are low, it is possible to get pregnant after just one time of unprotected intercourse, especially if the man ejaculates inside the vagina. However, pregnancy can also happen when there is only contact with the lubricating fluids released prior to ejaculation. For this reason, and although it is rarer, it is still possible to conceive without penetration, as long as the man's fluids come into direct contact with the vagina.

If unprotected sexual contact has occurred, the best way to confirm or rule out a possible pregnancy is to take the pharmacy pregnancy test. However, for the result to be reliable this test should only be done after the first day of period delay. Before this time, it is possible to do the blood test, which can be done 7 days after intercourse, but it is more expensive and needs to be done in a clinical laboratory.

Regular Menstrual cycle
Regular Menstrual cycle

When is the risk of getting pregnant higher

When a woman has a regular menstrual cycle of about 28 days, she is more likely to get pregnant when she is in the fertile period, which usually corresponds to the 2 days before and after ovulation, and usually happens around the 14th day, from the first day of menstruation. Use our calculator to see your most fertile days.

Women who have an irregular cycle, which may be shorter or longer, can not calculate the fertile period so accurately and, therefore, the risk of becoming pregnant is greater throughout the cycle.

Although there is a higher risk of getting pregnant on the days approaching ovulation, a woman can also become pregnant up to 7 days before or 7 days after ovulation because sperm can live within the woman's vagina between 5 and 7 days, and there is a risk of fertilization if there is intimate contact.

Symptoms that indicate a possible pregnancy

Some signs that possibly indicate pregnancy are:

  • Delayed period;
  • Nausea and vomiting in the morning;
  • Increased urge to urinate;
  • Fatigue and being sleepy during the day;
  • Increased sensitivity in the breasts.

Do the following test se find out your chances of being pregnant:

Find out if you are pregnant

Start the test
Illustrative picture of the questionnaire
Illustrative picture of the issue
In the last month, have you had sexual intercourse without using a condom or other contraceptive method such as an IUD, implant,
  • Yes
  • No
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Have you noticed any pink vaginal discharge lately?
  • Yes
  • No
Illustrative picture of the issue
Are you getting nauseous and want to vomit in the morning?
  • Yes
  • No
Illustrative picture of the issue
Are you more sensitive to smells, being annoyed by smells like cigarettes, food or perfume?
  • Yes
  • No
Illustrative picture of the issue
Does your belly look more swollen than before, making it harder to keep your jeans tight during the day?
  • Yes
  • No
Illustrative picture of the issue
Does your skin look more oily and prone to acne?
  • Yes
  • No
Illustrative picture of the issue
Are you feeling more tired and sleepy?
  • Yes
  • No
Illustrative picture of the issue
Has your period been delayed for more than 5 days?
  • Yes
  • No
Illustrative picture of the issue
Have you ever had a pharmacy pregnancy test or blood test in the last month, with a positive result?
  • Yes
  • No
Illustrative picture of the issue
Did you take the morning-after pill recently?
  • Yes
  • No

These symptoms do not rule out the chances of having an illness with similar symptoms, such as psychological pregnancy, and so one should always consult a gynecologist and do tests to confirm the pregnancy.

See the list of the first 10 pregnancy symptoms.

Is it possible to be pregnant even without symptoms?

Yes, in many cases the woman may take up to 2 or 3 months to identify any symptoms of pregnancy. This is because many of the signs can be difficult to identify and their intensity may vary according to each woman.

When to do the pregnancy test

If the woman has had an unprotected intercourse and is in her fertile period, she should take a a urine or blood pregnancy test. This test should be performed after the delay of menstruation, at least 7 days after intercourse, so that the result is as correct as possible. The two main test options include:

  • Urine test: can be bought at a pharmacy and §§be done at home with the first urine of the morning. If it is negative and menstruation continues late, the test should be repeated 5 days later. If the second pregnancy test is still negative and menstruation is still late, it is recommended to make an appointment with a gynecologist to investigate the situation. However, if the test is positive you should seek a blood test to confirm the pregnancy.
  • Blood test: This test is done in a laboratory and detects the amount of the HCG hormone in the blood, which is released by the placenta early in gestation.

These tests are the simplest way a woman has to confirm if she is pregnant.

Is it possible to be pregnant even when the test is negative?

The current pregnancy tests are quite sensitive and therefore the result is usually very reliable, provided the test is done at the right time. However, as some women may produce few hormones early in pregnancy, they many obtain a false negative result, especially with the urine test. Therefore, when the result is negative, it is recommended to repeat the test between 5 and 7 days after the first test.

The blood test of pregnancy give positive;
Listen to the baby's heart, through a device called a dopone or Doppler;
See the fetus through an ultrasound or ultrasound of the uterus.
At this stage, other signs such as bluish or purplish coloration of the vagina and vulva, enlargement of the abdomen or yellowish discharge are likely to occur.

How to confirm pregnancy

Pregnancy is confirmed by a doctor and it is necessary to: 

  • Have a positive pregnancy blood test;
  • Hear the baby's heart, through a device called a fetal Doppler;
  • See the fetus through an uterine ultrasound.

At this stage, other signs such as bluish or purplish coloration of the vagina and vulva, enlargement of the abdomen or yellowish discharge are likely to occur.

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