A sore throat is caused by a reaction of the body to infections by viruses or bacteria that inflame the tonsils and pharynx, causing diseases like mononucleosis or bacterial tonsillitis. Therefore, usually the treatment is done with the use of anti-inflammatory drugs and, if necessary, antibiotics, prescribed by a general practitioner.
There are homemade methods that can speed recovery, such as gargling with salt and water.
The pus that appears in the throat should not be removed with your finger or swab as it will continue to form until the inflammation improves, and doing so may create wounds, as well as worsening the pain and swelling in that area. However, it is important to remember that the presence of yellow or whitish spots in the tonsils, without other symptoms, may be just a sign of white stones. See what are tonsil stones and how they can be treated.
Remedies for sore throat with pus
Treatment should be done according to the cause of the infection, which can be diagnosed by a general practitioner or otorhinolaryngologist, thereby alleviating body pain and fever that may also be present, in addition to treating inflammation.
The main remedies used in treatment are:
- Anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen, nimesulide, ketoprofen: to improve inflammation, redness, difficulty swallowing and fever;
- Corticosteroids, such as prednisone or dexamethasone: are used when anti-inflammatory drugs do not solve the problem or the sore throat is intense;
- Antibiotics, such as benzarhine benzylpenicillin, amoxicillin or azithromycin: are used only in cases of bacterial infection, to eliminate the bacteria that caused the infection.
In some cases, the infection may form an abscess in the tonsils, and when this happens, the doctor can drain the accumulated pus.
What can cause white spots on the tonsils
The main causes of white spots in the tonsils are viral infections, such as Epstein-Barr, which causes mononucleosis, measles virus or cytomegalovirus, for example, or infections by bacteria that infect the respiratory tract, such as streptococci or pneumococcus.
Home Treatment Options
There are home remedy options that can help treat throat inflammation, and reduce the amount of pus such as:
- Gargling with lukewarm water and salt, or lemon with water and honey;
- Honey teas with ginger, eucalyptus, mauve, salvia or althea;
- Drink grapefruit juice. Ideally, grapefruit juice should not be used if you are already taking medication prescribed by your doctor, as it may reduce the effectiveness of the medication.
This type of treatment can be done as soon as the throat begins to become swollen, to avoid it getting worse, or in conjunction with the medication to remove the pus from the throat prescribed by the doctor.
In addition, throughout the treatment, it is important to rest and drink plenty of fluids, to help the body recover.