To avoid heartburn during pregnancy, it is recommended to follow some simple changes in your diet, such as avoiding fried foods, foods with too much pepper or too spicy and avoid drinking liquids during meals, which should be drunk in small quantities. To quickly relieve the burning sensation, you can try to drink 1 cup of milk, preferably skimmed milk, since whole milk fat stays longer in the stomach and may not help relieve the heartburn.
Heartburn is a burning sensation that starts at the end of the middle bone of the ribs and goes up the throat, and it is common to appear in the second or third trimester of gestation, but some women may feel the symptoms sooner.
How to avoid heartburn in pregnancy
Although heartburn is a typical symptom during pregnancy, there are some precautions that help fight this problem:
- Avoid foods such as mustard, mayonnaise, pepper, coffee, chocolate, soda, alcoholic drinks and industrialized juices;
- Avoid drinking liquids during meals;
- Consume regularly fruits such as pear, apple, mango, well-ripe peach, papaya, banana and grapes;
- Chew all food well, to facilitate digestion;
- Stay seated for at least 30 minutes after eating, avoid lying down;
- Do not wear tight clothing on the stomach;
- Eat small portions, several times a day;
- Place a 10 cm wedge on the head of the bed to prevent the body from lying completely flat, favoring reflux and heartburn;
- Do not smoke and avoid exposure to cigarettes;
- Avoid eating 2 to 3 hours before bed.
It is popularly believed that when pregnant woman feel a lot of heartburn her baby will have a lot of hair, but there is no scientific proof that this will actually happen.
Remedies for heartburn in pregnancy
In most cases, heartburn improves with changes in diet and lifestyle, but in cases of constant and severe heartburn, your doctor may recommend magnesium-based or calcium-based medication, such as Magnesium Bisura or Milk Magnesia, or remedies like Mylanta, for example. However, it is important to remember that any medicine should only be taken under medical guidance as it may be harmful to the baby's development.
Other options are home remedies that relieve heartburn, such as peeling a small piece of potato and eating it raw. Other options include eating 1 apple with peel, 1 slice of bread or 1 cream cracker because they help push the gastric contents back into the stomach fighting heartburn naturally.
Why heartburn occurs during pregnancy
Heartburn occurs in pregnancy due to excess progesterone, a hormone that relaxes the muscles of the uterus to allow it to grow and support the baby. However, the progesterone ends up decreasing intestinal flow and relaxes the esophageal sphincter, which is the muscle responsible for closing the division between the stomach and the esophagus, which allows the gastric acid to return to the esophagus and throat more easily. In addition, with the growth of the baby, the organs end up with less space in the abdomen and the stomach is compressed upward, which also facilitates the return of food and gastric juice.
When will heartburn pass
In general, heartburn occurs after giving birth, when the stomach has more space in the abdomen and hormones return to normal. However, women who gained a lot of weight during pregnancy may still have symptoms of heartburn for up to 1 year after giving birth. Heartburn can be a symptom of reflux in pregnancy.